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dc.contributor.authorHubbe, Martin A.
dc.contributor.authorMetts, Jeremy R.
dc.contributor.authorHermosilla, Daphne
dc.contributor.authorBlanco, M. Angeles
dc.contributor.authorYerushalmi, Laleh
dc.contributor.authorHaghighat, Fariborz
dc.contributor.authorLindholm-Lehto, Petra
dc.contributor.authorKhodaparast, Zahra
dc.contributor.authorKamali, Mohammadreza
dc.contributor.authorElliott, Allan
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-30T07:49:48Z
dc.date.available2016-08-30T07:49:48Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationHubbe, M. A., Metts, J. R., Hermosilla, D., Blanco, M. A., Yerushalmi, L., Haghighat, F., . . . Elliott, A. (2016). Wastewater treatment and reclamation : A review of pulp and paper industry practices and opportunities. <em>BioResources</em>, 11 (3), 7953-8091. Retrieved from <a href="http://ojs.cnr.ncsu.edu/index.php/BioRes/article/view/BioRes_11_3_Review_Hubbe_Wastewater_Treatment_Reclamation">http://ojs.cnr.ncsu.edu/index.php/BioRes/article/view/BioRes_11_3_Revi...</a>
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_70826
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/51128
dc.description.abstractThe pulp and paper (P&P) industry worldwide has achieved substantial progress in treating both process water and wastewater, thus limiting the discharge of pollutants to receiving waters. This review covers a variety of wastewater treatment methods, which provide P&P companies with cost-effective ways to limit the release of biological or chemical oxygen demand, toxicity, solids, color, and other indicators of pollutant load. Conventional wastewater treatment systems, often comprising primary clarification followed by activated sludge processes, have been widely implemented in the P&P industry. Higher levels of pollutant removal can be achieved by supplementary treatments, which can include anaerobic biological stages, advanced oxidation processes, bioreactors, and membrane filtration technologies. Improvements in the performance of wastewater treatment operations often can be achieved by effective measurement technologies and by strategic addition of agents including coagulants, flocculants, filter aids, and optimized fungal or bacterial cultures. In addition, P&P mills can implement upstream process changes, including dissolved-air-flotation (DAF) systems, filtration save-alls, and kidney-like operations to purify process waters, thus reducing the load of pollutants and the volume of effluent being discharged to end-of-pipe wastewater treatment plants.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherNorth Carolina State University
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBioResources
dc.relation.urihttp://ojs.cnr.ncsu.edu/index.php/BioRes/article/view/BioRes_11_3_Review_Hubbe_Wastewater_Treatment_Reclamation
dc.subject.otherwastewater treatment
dc.subject.otherpulp and paper manufacturing
dc.subject.otheradvanced oxidation
dc.subject.othermembrane technologies
dc.subject.otherclarification
dc.subject.otheractivated sludge
dc.titleWastewater treatment and reclamation : A review of pulp and paper industry practices and opportunities
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201608083729
dc.contributor.laitosKemian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Chemistryen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSoveltava kemia
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-08-08T09:15:10Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange7953-8091
dc.relation.issn1930-2126
dc.relation.volume11
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article published by North Carolina State University.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi


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