Wastewater treatment and reclamation : A review of pulp and paper industry practices and opportunities
Hubbe, M. A., Metts, J. R., Hermosilla, D., Blanco, M. A., Yerushalmi, L., Haghighat, F., . . . Elliott, A. (2016). Wastewater treatment and reclamation : A review of pulp and paper industry practices and opportunities. BioResources, 11 (3), 7953-8091. Retrieved from http://ojs.cnr.ncsu.edu/index.php/BioRes/article/view/BioRes_11_3_Revi...
© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article published by North Carolina State University.
The pulp and paper (P&P) industry worldwide has achieved substantial progress in treating both process water and wastewater, thus limiting the discharge of pollutants to receiving waters. This review covers a variety of wastewater treatment methods, which provide P&P companies with cost-effective ways to limit the release of biological or chemical oxygen demand, toxicity, solids, color, and other indicators of pollutant load. Conventional wastewater treatment systems, often comprising primary clarification followed by activated sludge processes, have been widely implemented in the P&P industry. Higher levels of pollutant removal can be achieved by supplementary treatments, which can include anaerobic biological stages, advanced oxidation processes, bioreactors, and membrane filtration technologies. Improvements in the performance of wastewater treatment operations often can be achieved by effective measurement technologies and by strategic addition of agents including coagulants, flocculants, filter aids, and optimized fungal or bacterial cultures. In addition, P&P mills can implement upstream process changes, including dissolved-air-flotation (DAF) systems, filtration save-alls, and kidney-like operations to purify process waters, thus reducing the load of pollutants and the volume of effluent being discharged to end-of-pipe wastewater treatment plants. ...
PublisherNorth Carolina State University
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Weinmann, Cecilia (2017)Companies are currently facing a technological change that has the potential of disrupt- ing entire industries. Recognizing opportunities provided by Industry 4.0 requires com- panies to apply vision and foresight and to ...
Improving service business activities in manufacturing industry through value co-creation : a case of a multinational machine manufacturing company Korppi, Saara (2022)Tämä Pro Gradu tutkielma tutkii arvon yhteisluonnin muodostumista huoltoliiketoiminnan eri aktiviteeteissa. Tutkielma hyödyntää palvelukeskeistä logiikkaa viitekehyksenä tutkiakseen, kuinka arvon yhteisluonti muodostuu ...
A Historical Analysis of Media Practices and Technologies in Protest Movements : A Review of Crisis and Critique by Anne Kaun Laajalahti, Anne (Cogitatio Press, 2017)Dr. Anne Kaun’s book, Crisis and Critique: A Brief History of Media Participation in Times of Crisis (London: Zed Books, 2016, 131 pp., ISBN: 978-1-78360-736-5), is a concise but comprehensive analysis of the changing ...
Roles of Exogenous Technologies in Vehicle Innovation : Cases from a Japan’s Automotive Parts Manufacturing Firm Nakagawa, Masahiro; Watanabe, Chihiro (Chitkara University, 2017)This paper explores the roles of technological innovations in the growth of Japan’s motor vehicle industry, mainly from technology spillover perspective from the early 2000s to today. An empirical analysis focusing on ...
Lavu, Anette (2019)Tämän tutkimuksen tarkoituksena on selvittää, kuinka teolliset tuotantoyritykset voivat selvittää miten API rajapintoja voidaan löytää liiketoimintavaatimuksien perusteella ja mitä API rajapintoja näiden perusteella tulisi ...