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dc.contributor.authorHenriksson, Pontus
dc.contributor.authorCadenas-Sanchez, Cristina
dc.contributor.authorLeppänen, Marja
dc.contributor.authorNyström, Christine Delisle
dc.contributor.authorOrtega, Francisco B.
dc.contributor.authorPomeroy, Jeremy
dc.contributor.authorRuiz, Jonatan R.
dc.contributor.authorLöf, Marie
dc.date.accessioned2016-08-22T10:02:41Z
dc.date.available2016-08-22T10:02:41Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.identifier.citationHenriksson, P., Cadenas-Sanchez, C., Leppänen, M., Nyström, C. D., Ortega, F. B., Pomeroy, J., Ruiz, J. R., & Löf, M. (2016). Associations of fat mass and fat-free mass with physical fitness in 4-year-old children: Results from the MINISTOP trial. <i>Nutrients</i>, <i>8</i>(8), Article 473. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080473" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8080473</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_26174956
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_70964
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/50984
dc.description.abstractPhysical fitness is a powerful marker of health in youth. Studies in adolescents and adults suggest that higher fat mass is related to worse physical fitness. However, there is limited knowledge whether fat mass and fat-free mass are associated with physical fitness already in preschoolers. Baseline data from the MINISTOP (Mobile-based INtervention Intended to STop Obesity in Preschoolers) trial was utilized for this cross-sectional analysis. Body composition was assessed using air-displacement plethysmography. Fat mass index [fat mass (kg)/height2 (m)] and fat-free mass index [fat-free mass (kg)/height2 (m)] were used to provide height-adjusted measures of body composition. Physical fitness was measured using the PREFIT (FITness testing in PREschool children) battery, which assesses cardiorespiratory fitness, upper-body and lower-body muscular strength as well as motor fitness. In total, this study included 303 children (168 boys and 135 girls), who were on average 4.48 ˘ 0.15 years old. Higher fat mass index was associated with worse cardiorespiratory fitness (standardized β = ´0.17, p = 0.002), lower-body muscular strength (β = ´0.17, p = 0.003) and motor fitness (β = ´0.21, p < 0.001) in regression analyses adjusted for age, sex and mutually adjusted for fat-mass index and fat-free mass index. Conversely, higher fat-free mass index was associated with better cardiorespiratory fitness (β = 0.18, p = 0.002), upper-body muscular strength (β = 0.39, p < 0.001), lower-body muscular strength (β = 0.22, p < 0.001) and motor fitness (β = 0.17, p = 0.004). Thus, fat mass and fat-free mass in preschoolers appear to have joint but opposite associations with physical fitness, an important marker for current and future health.
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPIAG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesNutrients
dc.subject.otherair-displacement plethysmography
dc.subject.othercardiorespiratory fitness
dc.subject.othermuscular strength
dc.subject.othermotor fitness
dc.titleAssociations of fat mass and fat-free mass with physical fitness in 4-year-old children: Results from the MINISTOP trial
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201608193828
dc.contributor.laitosTerveystieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntalääketiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSports and Exercise Medicineen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2016-08-19T12:15:07Z
dc.type.coarjournal article
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2072-6643
dc.relation.numberinseries8
dc.relation.volume8
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons License.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysokehonkoostumus
dc.subject.ysoesikoulu
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p26989
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15089
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/nu8080473


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© the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons License.
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © the Authors, 2016. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons License.