Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Are Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life Among Young Adult Men
Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, K., Vaara, J. P., Vasankari, T., Häkkinen, A., Mäntysaari, M., & Kyröläinen, H. (2020). Muscular and Cardiorespiratory Fitness Are Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life Among Young Adult Men. Bmc Public Health, 20, Article 842. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-020-08969-y
Published inBmc Public Health
© The Author(s) 2020
Background Despite numerous studies providing evidence for positive effects of physical activity and physical fitness, evidence for association between physical fitness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in young adults is limited. The aim of the present cross-sectional study was to investigate the association of cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness with HRQoL from the perspective of its physical and mental components among young adult Finnish males. Methods The sample consisted of 754 men, with the mean age of 26 years (SD 6.7 years), who participated in the military refresher training. HRQoL was measured using the Finnish RAND 36-item health survey. Cardiorespiratory fitness was determined by a bicycle ergometer test, and muscular fitness by various tests measuring maximal strength and muscular endurance. Logistic regression modelling was used to compare low, moderate and high physical and mental component of HRQoL scores to the respective levels of muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness. Results The findings of the adjusted (age, educational level, marital status, employment status, smoking, use of alcohol and BMI) analysis showed that cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness are positively associated with both physical and mental components of HRQoL. In terms of the physical component of HRQoL, even a moderate fitness level was positively associated with better HRQoL. In terms of the mental component of HRQoL, the impact was seen only in the group with the highest fitness level. Conclusions The findings suggest a positive contribution of physical fitness to mental health and highlight the importance of both muscular and cardiorespiratory fitness in the promotion of HRQoL. Even lighter forms of physical activity that result in moderate physical fitness could contribute to the physical component of HRQoL. In terms of the mental component of HRQoL, higher levels of physical fitness may be needed to gain higher levels of HRQoL among young males. ...
ISSN Search the Publication Forum1471-2458
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe authors declare that this research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Relationship Between Accelerometer-Based Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior, and Mental Health in Young Finnish Men Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Raitanen, Jani; Vasankari, Tommi; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Häkkinen, Arja; Honkanen, Tuomas; Vaara, Jani P. (Frontiers Media SA, 2022)Healthy lifestyle behaviors including physical activity (PA) have been recognized to contribute positively to mental health. Most of the evidence on relationship between PA and mental health relies on self-reported PA ...
Childhood Sports Participation Is Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life in Young Men : A Retrospective Cross-Sectional Study Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Häkkinen, Arja; Vasankari, Tommi; Mäntysaari, Matti; Honkanen, Tuomas; Vaara, Jani P. (Frontiers Media SA, 2021)The aim of the study was to examine whether sports participation (SP), engagement in competitive sports (CS), and the type of sport undertaken at the age of 12 are associated with the physical and mental components of ...
Cardiorespiratory and muscular fitness in young adult Finnish men between 2003 and 2015 Vaara, J.; Santtila, M.; Vasankari, T.; Fogelholm, M.; Mäntysaari, M.; Pihlainen, K.; Vaara, E.; Kyröläinen, H. (John Wiley & Sons, 2020)INTRODUCTION: Physical fitness is strongly related to health and may offer valuable information about public health. We investigated trends in physical fitness, leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) and anthropometry of ...
Associations of physical activity and physical fitness with cardiovascular risk factors in young men Vaara, Jani (University of Jyväskylä, 2015)
Relationship between different domains of physical activity and positive mental health among young adult men Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Vaara, Jani P.; Vasankari, Tommi; Häkkinen, Arja; Mäntysaari, Matti; Kyröläinen, Heikki (BioMed Central, 2020)Background There is growing evidence on positive effects of physical activity (PA) on mental health. However, the focus of previous research on this relationship has typically been on mental health from the perspective ...