Comparing the physical activity patterns of 3-year-old Finnish and Australian children during childcare and homecare days
Soini, A., Watt, A., Tammelin, T., Soini, M., Sääkslahti, A., & Poskiparta, M. (2014). Comparing the physical activity patterns of 3-year-old Finnish and Australian children during childcare and homecare days. Baltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity, 6(3), 171-182. https://doi.org/10.2478/bjha-2014-0015
Published inBaltic Journal of Health and Physical Activity
DisciplineVarhaiskasvatusLiikuntapedagogiikkaTerveyskasvatusEarly Childhood EducationSport PedagogyHealth Promotion and Health Education
© The Authors. © Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work in properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Background: Limited previous research has contrasted physical activity (PA) patterns in preschool children across different hourly patterns or segments of day, or adopted similar methodologies to compare the PA behaviors of children from different countries. The purpose of this study was to examine how the PA levels and patterns differed between 3- year-olds within and between childcare and homecare days in Finland and Australia. Material/Methods: ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers were used to monitor 121 (80 Finnish, 41 Australian) children’s PA for five consecutive days. Results: No significant country differences were observed in children’s daily total PA (light-tovigorous PA [LMVPA]), except that during childcare days Finnish children spent more time in light PA compared to Australian children. During childcare attendance hours children engaged in moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) for an average of 48 minutes (SD = 24) covering 54% of their daily MVPA in Finland, and for 53 minutes (SD = 34) covering 64% of their daily MVPA in Australia. Variation in children’s hour-by-hour PA was more pronounced during childcare days than homecare days. Conclusions: Despite the variations based on cultural practices, no major differences were observed in children’s daily total PA between the countries. However, these findings provide a better understanding of 3-year-olds’ PA behavior patterns and will serve as valuable evidence for the development of PA promotion in preschool children in both Finland and in Australia. ...
PublisherWydawnictwo Uczelniane Akademii Wychowania Fizycznego i Sportu im. Jedrzeja Sniadeckiego
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Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as © The Authors. © Gdansk University of Physical Education and Sport in Gdansk. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work in properly cited. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
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Soini, Anne (University of Jyväskylä, 2015)
Soini, Anne; Tammelin, Tuija; Sääkslahti, Arja; Watt, Anthony; Villberg, Jari; Kettunen, Tarja; Mehtälä, Anette; Poskiparta, Marita (Routledge, 2014)The purposes of this study were to assess seasonal, daily, and gender variations in children’s physical activity (PA). ActiGraph GT3X accelerometers were used to record the three-year-old children’s PA levels for five ...
A Comparison of Physical Activity Levels in Childcare Contexts among Finnish and Dutch 3-Year-Olds Soini, Anne; Gubbels, Jessica; Sääkslahti, Arja; Villberg, Jari; Kremers, Stef; Kann, Dave Van; Mehtälä, Anette; De Vries, Nanne; Poskiparta, Marita (Routledge; European Early Childhood Education Research Association, 2016)The aim of the current study was to determine Finnish and Dutch three-year-old preschool children’s physical activity (PA) levels and how levels vary across gender, location, time of day and social contexts in both ...
Niemistö , Donna; Barnett, Lisa; Cantell, Marja; Finni Juutinen, Taija; Korhonen, Elisa; Sääkslahti, Arja (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd., 2019)We investigated child, family, and environmental factors associated with young children’s perceptions of locomotor (LM) and object control (OC) skills. The participants comprised 472 children (6.22 ± 0.63) and their parents. ...
Soini, Anne; Villberg, Jari; Sääkslahti, Arja; Gubbels, Jessica; Mehtälä, Anette; Kettunen, Tarja; Poskiparta, Marita (Springer Netherlands; World Organization for Early Childhood Education, 2014)The main purpose of the study was to determine 3-year-olds’ physical activity levels and how these vary across season, gender, time of day, location, and the physical and social environment in childcare settings in Finland. ...