Comparison of the polymorphs and solvates of two analogous fungicides—a case study of the applicability of a supramolecular synthon approach in crystal engineering
Nauha, E., Ojala, A., Nissinen, M., & Saxell, H. (2011). Comparison of the polymorphs and solvates of two analogous fungicides—a case study of the applicability of a supramolecular synthon approach in crystal engineering. CrystEngComm, 13(15), 4956-4964. https://doi.org/10.1039/C1CE05077J
© The Royal Society of Chemistry. This is an electronic final draft version of the article whose final and definitive form has been published in CrystEngcomm.
The polymorphism and solvate formation of thiophanate-ethyl (TE), a fungicidal active, were investigated by solvent crystallization and compared to a close analogue, thiophanate-methyl (TM). Four polymorphs and seven solvates of TE were found and structurally compared with the previously found two polymorphs and fourteen solvates of TM by analyzing the hydrogen bonding patterns and using fingerprint plots, packing coefficients and lattice energies. TE and TM have the same functional groups that can build identical supramolecular synthons. Despite the strong similarities, the polymorphs and solvates of the two actives show significant differences in hydrogen bonding and packing. The results demonstrate the challenges in using a supramolecular synthon approach, and promote the importance in finding methods to also make use of packing effects and lipophilic interactions in crystal engineering.
PublisherRoyal Society of Chemistry
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