Young children’s motivations and social cognitions toward swimming : Testing direct and moderation effects of sport competence in two large-scale studies
Chan, D. K. C., Lee, A. S. Y., Tang, T. C. W., Leung, K., Chung, J. S. K., Hagger, M. S., & Hamilton, K. (2023). Young children’s motivations and social cognitions toward swimming : Testing direct and moderation effects of sport competence in two large-scale studies. Journal of Sports Sciences, Early online. https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2023.2241782
Published inJournal of Sports Sciences
© 2023 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
Direct and moderation effects of swimming competence using an integrated model of self-determination theory (SDT) and theory of planned behaviour (TPB) were examined in two large-scale studies among young children. Specifically, we examined whether swimming competence had direct and moderation effects on social psychological variables of perceived need support, autonomous motivation, TPB social cognition constructs, and intention. In Study 1, using a cross-sectional survey of 4959 primary school children, swimming competence formed significant positive relationships with all model variables (β =.061 to.330, p < .05) except intention (β = -.009, p > .05), and its moderation effect on model parameters were small in size or not statistically significant. In Study 2, using a pre-post-test quasi-experiment among 1,609 primary school children, improvement of swimming competence was associated with change-scores in all model variables (β =.046 to.230, p < .05) except subjective norm (β =.049, p > .05). Swimming competence did not significantly moderate the parameter estimates of the integrated model (p > .05) at the change-score level. Findings indicate that swimming competence is associated with higher autonomous motivation; TPB social cognitions of attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioural control; and intention. However, swimming competence did not moderate the parameter estimates of the integrated model. ...
PublisherInforma UK Limited
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe project behind this article is funded by The Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Psychological processes of ACL-patients' post-surgery rehabilitation : A prospective test of an integrated theoretical model Lee, Alfred S.Y.; Yung, Patrick Shu-Hang; Mok, Kam-Ming; Hagger, Martin S.; Chan, Derwin K.C. (Elsevier, 2020)Objectives: The aim of this prospective study was to examine the utility of an integrated model comprising constructs from self-determination theory (SDT) and the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in predicting adherence ...
Exploring the role of teachers’ attitudes towards inclusive education, their self-efficacy, and collective efficacy in behaviour management in teacher behaviour Gülsün, İpek; Malinen, Olli-Pekka; Yada, Akie; Savolainen, Hannu (Elsevier, 2023)Using a sample of 384 Finnish teachers, in this study we explored how teachers' attitudes towards inclusive education, self-efficacy, and collective efficacy in behaviour management affect their behaviours in teaching ...
Hagger, Martin S.; Hamilton, Kyra (Routledge, 2023)In a meta-analysis of longitudinal analyses of the theory of planned behaviour, we tested a series of extended or auxiliary theory-consistent hypotheses: construct stability, theory predictions within and between occasions, ...
Salo, Anne-Elina; Junttila, Niina; Vauras, Marja (Springer, 2022)Relationships are at the heart of well-being. Parental self-efficacy emerges as a powerful construct for understanding parenting and parent–child relationships. However, person-centered approaches that allow identification ...
Self‐control and health‐related behaviour : The role of implicit self‐control, trait self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control Hagger, Martin S.; Gucciardi, Daniel F.; Turrell, Amelia S.; Hamilton, Kyra (John Wiley & Sons; The British Psychological Society, 2019)Objectives: We tested unique contribution of trait self‐control, implicit self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control beliefs to the prediction of health‐related behaviours. We also tested whether relations between trait ...