Exercise precision medicine for type 2 diabetics : Targeted benefit or risk?
Le, S., Schumann, M., Lei, S. M., Yao, W., & Cheng, S. (2023). Exercise precision medicine for type 2 diabetics : Targeted benefit or risk?. Sports Medicine and Health Science, 5(2), 146-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smhs.2023.02.003
Published inSports Medicine and Health Science
© 2023 Chengdu Sport University
Concurrent exercise and metformin administration may reduce the acute and chronic effects of exercise on glucose metabolism in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, several studies suggest that combing metformin and exercise treatment may have no additive effect and even cause adverse effects in T2D patients. This case report aimed to highlight the challenges associated with prescribing exercise to type 2 diabetes patients undergoing metformin treatment. A 67-years old woman was followed-up for 5 months, including assessment of the acute and chronic glucose and lactate metabolism induced by concomitant exercise and metformin. The findings were four-fold: 1) During a high-intensity interval training bout, blood glucose systematically decreased, while blood lactate concentrations fluctuated randomly; 2) Basal blood lactate levels were well above 2 mmol/L on days with medication only; 3) Combined exercise and metformin administration induced additive effects on the normalization of glucose and 4) high levels of physical activity had a positive impact on the continuous glucose fluctuations, while decreased levels of physical activity induced a large fluctuation of glucose due to home confinement of an infectious disease caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Our findings showed that when combined with exercise and metformin treatment for T2D patients, exercise may contribute to improving glycemic control while metformin may elevate lactate levels in the long term. The observed results underline the need to prescribe exercise and monitor lactate levels for reducing possible risks associated with metformin treatment and reinforce the importance of tailoring exercise therapy. ...
PublisherKeAi Elsevier B.V.
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Additional information about fundingNo specific financial/material support was allowed to this case report.
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