Screen media and non-screen media habits among preschool children in Singapore, South Korea, Japan, and Finland : Insights from an unsupervised clustering approach
Chia, M., Komar, J., Chua, T., Tay, L. Y., Kim, J.-H., Hong, K., Kim, H., Ma, J., Vehmas, H., & Sääkslahti, A. (2022). Screen media and non-screen media habits among preschool children in Singapore, South Korea, Japan, and Finland : Insights from an unsupervised clustering approach. Digital Health, 8, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1177/20552076221139090
Published inDigital Health
© The Author(s) 2022
The main purpose of the research was to describe the daily screen media habits and non-screen media habits like indoor and outdoor play, and sleep of preschool children aged 2 to 6 years from Singapore, South Korea, Japan, and Finland using a content-validated online questionnaire (SMALLQ®) and unsupervised cluster analysis. Unsupervised cluster analysis on 5809 parent-reported weekday and weekend screen and non-screen media habits of preschool children from the four countries resulted in seven emergent clusters. Cluster 2 (n = 1288) or the Early-screen media, screen media-lite and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity-lite family made up 22.2% and Cluster 1 (n = 261) or the High-all-round activity and screen media-late family made up 4.5%, respectively represented the largest and smallest clusters among the seven clusters that were emergent from the pooled dataset. Finland was best represented by Cluster 2 and Japan was best represented by Cluster 3 (High-screen media-for-entertainment and low-engagement family). Parents from Finland and Japan displayed greater homogeneity in terms of the screen media and non-screen media habits of preschool children than the parents from South Korea and Singapore. South Korea was best represented by Clusters 6 (Screen media-physical activity-engagement hands-off family) and 7 (Screen media-lite, screen media-late and high-physical activity family). Singapore was best represented by Clusters 4, 5, 6 and 7, and these clusters ranged from Low all-round activity-high nap time family to Screen media-lite, screen media-late and high-physical activity family. Future research should explore in-depth reasons for the across-country and within-country cluster characteristics of screen media and non-screen media habits among preschool children to allow for more targeted interventions. ...
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Related funder(s)Ministry of Education and Culture
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by the Ministry of Education, Singapore, Finland Ministry of Education and Culture (grant number OER 29/19 MCYH, OKM/15/626/2019).This international research is funded by Singapore Ministry of Education (MOE) under the Education Research Funding Programme (OER 29/19 MCYH) and administered by National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions orrecommendations expressed in this material are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the Singapore MOE and NIE. The Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (grant number OKM/15/626/2019) has funded data collection in Finland. ...
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