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dc.contributor.authorSihvo, Minna
dc.contributor.authorHiltunen, Leena
dc.contributor.authorKärkkäinen, Tommi
dc.date.accessioned2022-11-14T11:59:57Z
dc.date.available2022-11-14T11:59:57Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationSihvo, M., Hiltunen, L., & Kärkkäinen, T. (2022). How to evaluate first aid skills after training : a systematic review. <i>Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine</i>, <i>30</i>, Article 56. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-022-01043-z" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-022-01043-z</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_159516145
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/83877
dc.description.abstractBackground To be able to help and save lives, laypersons are recommended to undergo first aid trainings. The aim of this review was to explore the variety of the elements of the measuring systems to assess the effects of first aid trainings on different aspects of first aid skills including practical skills, knowledge, and emotional perspectives. Methods This systematic literature review used Scopus and PubMed databases and searched for studies published between January, 2000, and December, 2020. Out of 2,162 studies meeting the search criteria, 15 studies with quantitative and repeatable evaluation methods to assess first aid skills after first aid training for adults were included in the final analysis. Results Practical skills, especially on the ability to perform cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) and to use an automated external defibrillator, were the most studied first aid skills after first aid training. This evaluation was based on several standardized measurements and assessed often with the help of a combination of resuscitation manikin and observer. Evaluation methods of performance in other emergency situations are not well standardized. Questionnaires used to assess knowledge of first aid, though seemingly based on guidelines, were also not standardized, either. Emotional aspects of first aid (willingness or self-confidence) were evaluated by highly simplified questionnaires, and answers were graded by five-point Likert scale. Conclusion According to our review, the focus of evaluation methods after first aid training has been on practical skills and especially on CPR. Though the evaluation of first-aid knowledge seems to be straightforward, it is not performed systematically. Evaluation methods for emotional aspects are highly simplified. Overall, standardized measurements and evaluation methods to assess all aspects of first aid skills are needed.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherensiapukoulutus
dc.subject.otherfirst aid training
dc.subject.otherevaluation method
dc.titleHow to evaluate first aid skills after training : a systematic review
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202211145175
dc.contributor.laitosInformaatioteknologian tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Information Technologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineTietotekniikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineOhjelmisto- ja tietoliikennetekniikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineTutkintokoulutusfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineHuman and Machine based Intelligence in Learningfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineMathematical Information Technologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSoftware and Communications Engineeringen
dc.contributor.oppiaineDegree Educationen
dc.contributor.oppiaineHuman and Machine based Intelligence in Learningen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1757-7241
dc.relation.volume30
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2022
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoensiapu
dc.subject.ysokoulutus
dc.subject.ysohätätilanteet
dc.subject.ysoelvytys
dc.subject.ysosystemaattiset kirjallisuuskatsaukset
dc.subject.ysoosaaminen
dc.subject.ysoarviointimenetelmät
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15322
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p84
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21205
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10110
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p29683
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8343
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p15768
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1186/s13049-022-01043-z
jyx.fundinginformationNo funding from any sponsors. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript.


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