Improving Hand Hygiene Behavior Using a Novel Theory-Based Intervention During the COVID-19 Pandemic
Smith, S. R., Hagger, M. S., Keech, J. J., Moyers, S. A., & Hamilton, K. (2022). Improving Hand Hygiene Behavior Using a Novel Theory-Based Intervention During the COVID-19 Pandemic. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 56(11), 1157-1173. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kaac041
Published inAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
© The Author(s) 2022. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
Background: Promoting the adoption of personal hygiene behaviors known to reduce the transmission of COVID-19, such as avoiding touching one’s face with unwashed hands, is important for limiting the spread of infections. Purpose: We aimed to test the effcacy of a theory-based intervention to promote the avoidance of touching one’s face with unwashed hands to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Methods: We tested effects of an intervention employing imagery, persuasive communication, and planning techniques in two pre-registered studies adopting randomized controlled designs in samples of Australian (N = 254; Study 1) and US (N = 245; Study 2) residents. Participants were randomly assigned to theory-based intervention or education-only conditions (Study 1), or to theory-based intervention, education-only, and no-intervention control conditions (Study 2). The intervention was delivered online and participants completed measures of behavior and theory-based social cognition constructs pre-intervention and one-week postintervention. Results: Mixed-model ANOVAs revealed a signifcant increase in avoidance of touching the face with unwashed hands from pre-intervention to follow-up irrespective of intervention condition in both studies, but no signifcant condition effects. Exploratory analyses revealed signifcant effects of the theory-based intervention on behavior at follow-up in individuals with low pre-intervention risk perceptions in Study 2. Conclusions: Results indicate high adoption of avoiding touching one’s face with unwashed hands, with behavior increasing over time independent of the intervention. Future research should confrm risk perceptions as a moderator of the effect theory-based interventions on infection-prevention behaviors. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Predicting Social Distancing Intention and Behavior During the COVID-19 Pandemic : An Integrated Social Cognition Model Hagger, Martin S; Smith, Stephanie R; Keech, Jacob J; Moyers, Susette A; Hamilton, Kyra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020)Background Social distancing is a key behavior to minimize COVID-19 infections. Identification of potentially modifiable determinants of social distancing behavior may provide essential evidence to inform social distancing ...
Trait Self-Control, Social Cognition Constructs, and Intentions : Correlational Evidence for Mediation and Moderation Effects in Diverse Health Behaviours Hagger, Martin; Hankonen, Nelli; Kangro, Eva-Maria; Lintunen, Taru; Pagaduan, Jeffrey; Polet, Juho; Ries, Francis; Hamilton, Kyra (Wiley, 2019)Background: We examined effects of trait self‐control, constructs from social cognition theories, and intentions on health behaviours. Trait self‐control was expected to predict health behaviour indirectly through theory ...
Predicting intention to participate in self-management behaviors in patients with Familial Hypercholesterolemia : a cross-national study Hagger, Martin S.; Hamilton, Kyra; Hardcastle, Sarah J.; Hu, Miao; Kwok, See; Lin, Jie; Nawawi, Hapizah M.; Pang, Jing; Santos, Raul D.; Soran, Handrean; Su, Ta-Chen; Tomlinson, Brian; Watts, Gerald F. (Elsevier Ltd, 2019)Rationale. Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH) is a genetic condition that predisposes patients to substantially increased risk of early-onset atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. FH risks can be minimized through regular ...
Hagger, Martin S.; Hamilton, Kyra (Wiley-Blackwell, 2022)Achieving broad immunity through vaccination is a cornerstone strategy for long-term management of COVID-19 infections, particularly the prevention of serious cases and hospitalizations. Evidence that vaccine-induced ...
Self‐control and health‐related behaviour : The role of implicit self‐control, trait self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control Hagger, Martin S.; Gucciardi, Daniel F.; Turrell, Amelia S.; Hamilton, Kyra (John Wiley & Sons; The British Psychological Society, 2019)Objectives: We tested unique contribution of trait self‐control, implicit self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control beliefs to the prediction of health‐related behaviours. We also tested whether relations between trait ...