Trait Self-Control, Social Cognition Constructs, and Intentions : Correlational Evidence for Mediation and Moderation Effects in Diverse Health Behaviours
Hagger, M., Hankonen, N., Kangro, E.-M., Lintunen, T., Pagaduan, J., Polet, J., . . . , & Hamilton, K. (2019). Trait Self-Control, Social Cognition Constructs, and Intentions : Correlational Evidence for Mediation and Moderation Effects in Diverse Health Behaviours. Applied Psychology: Health and Well Being, 11 (3), 407-437. doi:10.1111/aphw.12153
Published inApplied Psychology: Health and Well Being
© 2019 The International Association of Applied Psychology
Background: We examined effects of trait self‐control, constructs from social cognition theories, and intentions on health behaviours. Trait self‐control was expected to predict health behaviour indirectly through theory constructs and intentions. Trait self‐control was also predicted to moderate the intention–behaviour relationship. Methods: Proposed effects were tested in six datasets for ten health‐related behaviours from studies adopting prospective designs. Participants (N = 3,249) completed measures of constructs from social cognition theories and self‐control at an initial time point and self‐reported their behaviour at follow‐up. Results: Results revealed indirect effects of self‐control on behaviour through social cognition constructs and intentions for eight behaviours: eating fruit and vegetables, avoiding fast food, dietary restrictions, binge drinking, physical activity, walking, out‐of‐school physical activity, and pre‐drinking. Self‐control moderated the intention–behaviour relationship in four behaviours: dietary restriction, and alcohol‐related behaviours. Conclusions: Mediation effects suggest that individuals with high self‐control are more likely to hold beliefs and intentions to participate in future health behaviour, and more likely to act. Moderation effects indicate that individuals with high self‐control are more likely to enact healthy intentions and inhibit unhealthy intentions, but findings were restricted to few behaviours. Training self‐control and managing contingencies that derail goal‐directed action may be effective intervention strategies. ...
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Self‐control and health‐related behaviour : The role of implicit self‐control, trait self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control Hagger, Martin S.; Gucciardi, Daniel F.; Turrell, Amelia S.; Hamilton, Kyra (John Wiley & Sons; The British Psychological Society, 2019)Objectives: We tested unique contribution of trait self‐control, implicit self‐control, and lay beliefs in self‐control beliefs to the prediction of health‐related behaviours. We also tested whether relations between trait ...
Effects of socio-structural variables in the theory of planned behavior : a mediation model in multiple samples and behaviors Hagger, Martin S.; Hamilton, Kyra (Routledge, 2021)Objective: Observed variation in health behavior may be attributable to socio-structural variables that represent inequality. We tested the hypothesis that variability related to socio-structural variables may be linked ...
Predicting Social Distancing Intention and Behavior During the COVID-19 Pandemic : An Integrated Social Cognition Model Hagger, Martin S; Smith, Stephanie R; Keech, Jacob J; Moyers, Susette A; Hamilton, Kyra (Oxford University Press (OUP), 2020)Background Social distancing is a key behavior to minimize COVID-19 infections. Identification of potentially modifiable determinants of social distancing behavior may provide essential evidence to inform social distancing ...
McKinley, Lauren E..; McAnally, Kaylyn; Moyers, Susette A.; Hagger, Martin S. (Springer International Publishing, 2020)Lack of participation in health-promoting behaviors and participation in behaviors that contribute to health risks have been linked to health disparities observed among individuals from disadvantaged backgrounds. This ...
The trans-contextual model of motivation : an integrated multi-theory model to explain the processes of motivational transfer across context Hagger, Martin (University of Jyväskylä, 2014)