The effects of an 8-year individualised lifestyle intervention on food consumption and nutrient intake from childhood to adolescence : the PANIC Study
Sallinen, T., Viitasalo, A., Lintu, N., Väistö, J., Soininen, S., Jalkanen, H., Haapala, E. A., Mikkonen, S., Schwab, U., Lakka, T. A., & Eloranta, A.-M. (2022). The effects of an 8-year individualised lifestyle intervention on food consumption and nutrient intake from childhood to adolescence : the PANIC Study. Journal of Nutritional Science, 11, Article e40. https://doi.org/10.1017/jns.2022.13
Published inJournal of Nutritional Science
© The Author(s), 2022. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society
We aimed to investigate the effects of a long-term, individualised, family-based lifestyle intervention on food consumption and nutrient intake from childhood to adolescence. We conducted an 8-year diet and physical activity intervention study in a population sample of children aged 7–9 years at baseline in 2007–2009. We allocated the participants to the intervention group (n 306) and the control group (n 198). We assessed diet by 4-d food records at baseline, 2-year follow-up and 8-year follow-up. We analysed the data using linear mixed-effects models adjusted for age at baseline and sex. The consumption of vegetables and vegetable oil-based spreads (fat ≥60 %) increased in the intervention group but did not change in the control group (P < 0⋅001 for time×group interaction). The consumption of fruits and berries increased in the intervention group but decreased in the control group (P = 0⋅036). The consumption of high-fat cheese (P = 0⋅029), butter-based spreads (P = 0⋅001) and salty snacks (P = 0⋅028) increased less, and the consumption of low-fat cheese (P = 0⋅004) increased more in the intervention group than in the control group. Saturated fat intake (P = 0⋅001) increased less, and the intakes of dietary fibre (P = 0⋅003), vitamin D (P = 0⋅042) and vitamin E (P = 0⋅027) increased more in the intervention group than in the control group. The intakes of vitamin C (P < 0⋅001) and folate (P = 0⋅001) increased in the intervention group but decreased in the control group. To conclude, individualised, family-based lifestyle intervention altered food choices towards more recommended diet and resulted in enhanced diet quality from childhood to adolescence. ...
PublisherCambridge University Press (CUP)
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Additional information about fundingThe PANIC Study has financially been supported by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health of Finland, the Research Committee of the Kuopio University Hospital Catchment Area (State Research Funding), the Finnish Innovation Fund Sitra, the Social Insurance Institution of Finland, the Finnish Cultural Foundation, the Foundation for Paediatric Research, the Diabetes Research Foundation in Finland, the Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research, the Juho Vainio Foundation, the Paavo Nurmi Foundation, the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation and the city of Kuopio. Moreover, the PhD students and postdoctoral researchers of the PANIC Study have been supported by the Program for Clinical Research and Program for Health Sciences of Doctoral School of the University of Eastern Finland, the Finnish Doctoral Programs in Public Health, the Päivikki and Sakari Sohlberg Foundation, the Paulo Foundation, the Jalmari and Rauha Ahokas Foundation, the Aarne and Aili Turunen Foundation, the Finnish Medical Foundation, the Finnish Medical Society Duodecim, the Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation, the Kuopio Naturalists’ Society, the Olvi Foundation and the city of Kuopio. S.M. was supported by the Academy of Finland's competitive funding to strengthen university research profiles (PROFI) for the University of Eastern Finland (Grant No. 325022). ...
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