Systematic study of nuclear effects in p+Al, p+Au, d+Au, and 3He+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV using π0 production
PHENIX Collaboration. (2022). Systematic study of nuclear effects in p+Al, p+Au, d+Au, and 3He+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV using π0 production. Physical Review C, 105(6), Article 064902. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevC.105.064902
Published inPhysical Review C
© 2022 American Physical Society
The PHENIX Collaboration presents a systematic study of inclusive π0 production from p+p, p+Al, p+Au, d+Au, and 3He+Au collisions at √sNN = 200 GeV. Measurements were performed with different centrality selections as well as the total inelastic, 0–100%, selection for all collision systems. For 0–100% collisions, the nuclear-modification factors, RxA, are consistent with unity for pT above 8GeV/c, but exhibit an enhancement in peripheral collisions and a suppression in central collisions. The enhancement and suppression characteristics are similar for all systems for the same centrality class. It is shown that for high-pT−π0 production, the nucleons in the d and 3He interact mostly independently with the Au nucleus and that the counterintuitive centrality dependence is likely due to a physical correlation between multiplicity and the presence of a hard scattering process. These observations disfavor models where parton energy loss has a significant contribution to nuclear modifications in small systems. Nuclear modifications at lower pT resemble the Cronin effect—an increase followed by a peak in central or inelastic collisions and a plateau in peripheral collisions. The peak height has a characteristic ordering by system size as p+Au>d+Au>3He+Au>p+Al. For collisions with Au ions, current calculations based on initial-state cold nuclear matter effects result in the opposite order, suggesting the presence of other contributions to nuclear modifications, in particular at lower pT. ...
PublisherAmerican Physical Society (APS)
ISSN Search the Publication Forum2469-9985
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