Effects of a 12-month home-based exercise program on functioning after hip fracture : Secondary analyses of an RCT
Soukkio, P. K., Suikkanen, S. A., Kukkonen‐Harjula, K. T., Kautiainen, H., Hupli, M. T., Aartolahti, E. M., Kääriä, S. M., Pitkälä, K. H., & Sipilä, S. (2022). Effects of a 12-month home-based exercise program on functioning after hip fracture : Secondary analyses of an RCT. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, Early View. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.17824
Published inJournal of the American Geriatrics Society
© 2022 The Authors. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society published by Wiley Periodicals LLC on behalf of The American Geriatrics Society
Background Long-term functional limitations are common after hip fractures. Exercise may alleviate these negative consequences but there is no consensus on an optimal training program. The objective was to study the effects of a 12-month home-based supervised, progressive exercise program on functioning, physical performance, and physical activity. Methods Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial targeting patients with surgical repair of a hip fracture, aged ≥60 years, Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) score of ≥12. The participants were randomized into Exercise (n = 61) or Usual care (n = 60). Assessments at baseline, 3, 6, and 12 months included Lawton's Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), handgrip strength, and self-reported frequency of sessions of leisure-time physical activity. Analyzed using mixed-effects models. Results Participants' (n = 121) mean age was 81 years (SD 7), and 75% were women. The mean IADL score at baseline was 17.1 (SD 4.5) in the exercise group, and 17.4 (5.1) in the usual care group. The mean SPPB scores were 3.9 (1.6) and 4.2 (1.8), and handgrip strength was 17.7 (8.9) kg and 20.8 (8.0) kg, respectively. The age- and sex-adjusted mean changes in IADL over 12 months were 3.7 (95% CI 2.8–4.7) in the exercise and 2.0 (1.0–3.0) in the usual care group (between-group difference, p = 0.016); changes in SPPB 4.3 (3.6–4.9) and 2.1 (1.5–2.7) (p < 0.001); and changes in handgrip strength 1.2 kg (0.3–2.0) and 1.0 kg (−1.9 to −0.2) (p < 0.001), respectively. We found no between-group differences in changes in the frequency of leisure-time activity sessions. Conclusion A 12-month home-based supervised, progressive exercise program improved functioning and physical performance more than usual care among patients with hip fractures. However, the training did not increase leisure-time physical activity. ...
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Additional information about fundingSouth Karelia Social and Health Care District (Eksote), Finland (grant number 1236/00.01.05.01/2013); The Social Insurance Institution of Finland (Kela) (grant numbers 94/331/2013 and 17/26/2019), and the State Research Funding for Academic Health Research (Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, through Helsinki University Hospital [HUS]), Finland (grant numbers HUS 2016 [no grant number assigned], HUS/2931/2017, HUS/2571/2017, HUS/2631/2019, 864/2020). ...
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