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dc.contributor.authorSalo-Pöntinen, Henrikki
dc.contributor.authorSaariluoma, Pertti
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-15T11:00:27Z
dc.date.available2022-03-15T11:00:27Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.identifier.citationSalo-Pöntinen, H., & Saariluoma, P. (2022). Reflections on the human role in AI policy formulations : how do national AI strategies view people?. <i>Discover Artificial Intelligence</i>, <i>2</i>, Article 3. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s44163-022-00019-3" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1007/s44163-022-00019-3</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_104495235
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/80129
dc.description.abstractPurpose There is no artificial intelligence (AI) without people. People design and develop AI; they modify and use it and they have to reorganize the ways they have carried out tasks in their work and everyday life. National strategies are documents made to describe how different nations foster AI and as human dimensions are such an important aspect of AI, this study sought to investigate major national strategy documents to determine how they view the human role in emerging AI societies. Approach Our method for analyzing the strategies was conceptual analysis since the development of technology is embedded with conceptual ideas of humanity, explicit or implicit, and in addition to deepening analysis of explicit argumentation the method enables the deconstruction and reconstruction of meanings and conceptual relations within the strategies, exposing presumptions and tacit commitments of the writers. Findings The analysis of the documents illustrates that the general tendency in national strategies is globally dominantly technology-driven as the state of affairs appears to be creating new technologies. However, various human research points such as usability, user experience, sociotechnical and life-based themes are less well represented. Because national strategies are used to develop innovation processes, we argue that future development of national strategies could be improved by taking human research issues more energetically in the agenda. Originality Our study elaborates the current trends in AI-policy discourses and discusses reasons and possibilities for more holistic policymaking, making it a valuable resource for policymakers, researchers, and the larger public.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLC
dc.relation.ispartofseriesDiscover Artificial Intelligence
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherhuman-technology interaction (HTI)
dc.subject.otherhuman-computer interaction (HCI)
dc.subject.otherAI policy
dc.subject.otherAI strategies
dc.subject.otherhuman factors
dc.subject.otherartificial intelligence
dc.subject.othersocial transformation
dc.subject.otherethical AI
dc.titleReflections on the human role in AI policy formulations : how do national AI strategies view people?
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202203151832
dc.contributor.laitosInformaatioteknologian tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Information Technologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineKognitiotiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineKoulutusteknologia ja kognitiotiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineCognitive Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLearning and Cognitive Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2731-0809
dc.relation.volume2
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2022
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.relation.grantnumber327354
dc.subject.ysoihmisen ja tietokoneen vuorovaikutus
dc.subject.ysotekoäly
dc.subject.ysoinhimillisyys
dc.subject.ysoyhteiskunnallinen muutos
dc.subject.ysoinnovaatiot
dc.subject.ysoinhimilliset tekijät
dc.subject.ysoeettisyys
dc.subject.ysostrategiat
dc.subject.ysotulevaisuus
dc.subject.ysoteknologinen kehitys
dc.subject.ysoihminen-konejärjestelmät
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p38007
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2616
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14397
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2954
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7903
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p27453
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23085
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4632
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p817
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8956
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p6680
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1007/s44163-022-00019-3
dc.relation.funderSuomen Akatemiafi
dc.relation.funderAcademy of Finlanden
jyx.fundingprogramStrategisen tutkimuksen ohjelmat STN, SAfi
jyx.fundingprogramStrategic research programmes, AoFen
jyx.fundinginformationBoth authors were Funded by the Strategic Research Council at the Academy of Finland during the writing process.


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