Sectoral policies cause incoherence in forest management and ecosystem service provisioning
Blattert, C., Eyvindson, K., Hartikainen, M., Burgas, D., Potterf, M., Lukkarinen, J., Snäll, T., Toraño-Caicoya, A., & Mönkkönen, M. (2022). Sectoral policies cause incoherence in forest management and ecosystem service provisioning. Forest Policy and Economics, 136, Article 102689. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.forpol.2022.102689
Published inForest Policy and Economics
DisciplineEkologia ja evoluutiobiologiaResurssiviisausyhteisöEcology and Evolutionary BiologySchool of Resource Wisdom
© 2022 the Authors
Various national policies guide forest use, but often with competing policy objectives leading to divergent management paradigms. Incoherent policies may negatively impact the sustainable provision of forest ecosystem services (FES), and forest multifunctionality. There is uncertainty among policymakers about the impacts of policies on the real world. We translated the policy documents of Finland into scenarios including the quantitative demands for FES, representing: the national forest strategy (NFS), the biodiversity strategy (BDS), and the bioeconomy strategy (BES). We simulated a Finland-wide systematic sample of forest stands with alternative management regimes and climate change. Finally, we used multi-objective optimization to identify the combination of management regimes matching best with each policy scenario and analysed their long-term effects on FES. The NFS scenario proved to be the most multifunctional, targeting the highest number of FES, while the BES had the lowest FES targets. However, the NFS was strongly oriented towards the value chain of wood and bioenergy and had a dominating economic growth target, which caused strong within-policy conflicts and hindered reaching biodiversity targets. The BDS and BES scenarios were instead more consistent but showed either sustainability gaps in terms of providing timber resources (BDS) or no improvements in forest biodiversity (BES). All policy scenarios resulted in forest management programs dominated by continuous cover forestry, set-aside areas, and intensive management zones, with proportions depending on the policy focus. Our results highlight for the first time the conflicts among national sectoral policies in terms of management requirements and effects on forest multifunctionality. The outcomes provide leverage points for policymakers to increase coherence among future policies and improve implementation of multiple uses of forests. ...
forest policy ecosystem services biodiversity multi-objective optimization forest management climate change monitavoiteoptimointi biodiversiteetti metsäpolitiikka ilmastonmuutokset ekosysteemipalvelut skenaariot metsänhoito monimuotoisuus metsät metsänkäsittely luonnon monimuotoisuus kestävä kehitys metsiensuojelu metsätalous
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Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)ERA-NET Programmes; Joint International Project, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis work was conducted within the project MultiForest, which is supported under the umbrella of ERA-NET Cofund ForestValue by: Academy of Finland (aka 326321), Business Finland, Federal Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, Environment & Water Management (Austria), Agency for Renewable Resources (Germany), Research Council of Norway, Vinnova (2018-04982; Sweden). ForestValue has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under grant agreement N° 773324. Finally, the study received funding through the 2017-2018 Belmont Forum and BiodivERsA joint call for research proposals, under the BiodivScen ERA-Net Cofund program, and with the funding organisation Academy of Finland (aka 326309). ...
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