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dc.contributor.authorLappalainen, Päivi
dc.contributor.authorKeinonen, Katariina
dc.contributor.authorPakkala, Inka
dc.contributor.authorLappalainen, Raimo
dc.contributor.authorNikander, Riku
dc.date.accessioned2021-11-09T13:08:15Z
dc.date.available2021-11-09T13:08:15Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationLappalainen, P., Keinonen, K., Pakkala, I., Lappalainen, R., & Nikander, R. (2021). The role of thought suppression and psychological inflexibility in older family caregivers’ psychological symptoms and quality of life. <i>Journal of Contextual Behavioral Science</i>, <i>20</i>, 129-136. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2021.04.005" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcbs.2021.04.005</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_67404763
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78563
dc.description.abstractBackground Family caregivers often report high levels of distress, including depressive symptoms, anxiety, and reduced quality of life. There is a need for a greater understanding of the factors influencing, explaining, and maintaining psychological distress in family caregivers. Aim The aim of this study was to examine whether avoidance strategies such as thought suppression (WBSI), psychological inflexibility (AAQ-II), and, and caregiver experiential avoidance (EACQ) predict psychological distress (BDI-II, GAD-7) and quality of life (WHOQOL) in family caregivers aged 60 and over. We hypothesized that these avoidance strategies would explain elevated levels of psychological symptoms and lower quality of life. Method Altogether, 149 family caregivers completed self-report measures of depressive symptoms, anxiety, quality of life, thought suppression, psychological inflexibility and caregiver experiential avoidance. We conducted correlation and regression analyses to assess the associations and the predictive ability of these constructs. Results Together, psychological inflexibility and thought suppression accounted for between 40 and 46% of the variance in the depression and anxiety outcomes and 15% of the variance in the physical domain of quality of life. Unwanted thoughts, the subcomponent of thought suppression, was strongly associated with symptoms of depression and anxiety, and with physical and psychological quality of life. Conclusion Thought suppression and psychological inflexibility played a significant role in explaining family caregivers’ symptoms of depression and anxiety. In addition, psychological inflexibility was significantly related to quality of life. This suggests the need for acceptance-based strategies to handle thought suppression and psychological inflexibility.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Contextual Behavioral Science
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherolder family caregivers
dc.subject.otherthought suppression
dc.subject.otherpsychological inflexibility
dc.subject.otherdepressive symptoms
dc.subject.otheranxiety
dc.subject.otherquality of life
dc.titleThe role of thought suppression and psychological inflexibility in older family caregivers’ psychological symptoms and quality of life
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202111095585
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontologia ja kansanterveysfi
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontology and Public Healthen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsychologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange129-136
dc.relation.issn2212-1447
dc.relation.volume20
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 the Authors
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoelämänlaatu
dc.subject.ysomasennus
dc.subject.ysoomaishoitajat
dc.subject.ysoikääntyneet
dc.subject.ysoahdistus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10759
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7995
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p19104
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2433
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4621
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.jcbs.2021.04.005
jyx.fundinginformationThe study was funded by the Social Insurance Institution (SII) of Finland, grant number 72/331/2016.


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