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dc.contributor.authorLensu, Sanna
dc.contributor.authorPekkala, Satu
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-27T13:10:06Z
dc.date.available2021-10-27T13:10:06Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationLensu, S., & Pekkala, S. (2021). Gut Microbiota, Microbial Metabolites and Human Physical Performance. <i>Metabolites</i>, <i>11</i>(11), Article 716. <a href="https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11110716" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.3390/metabo11110716</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_101609873
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/78396
dc.description.abstractTrillions of microbes inhabiting the gut modulate the metabolism of the host. Cross-sectional studies have reported associations between physical performance and the gut microbiota (GM). Physical activity seems to increase GM diversity and the abundance of certain health-beneficial microbes. We reviewed the evidence from longitudinal studies on the connection between physically active lifestyle or long-term exercise interventions and the GM. We made literature searches using databases of Web of Science and PubMed Medline to collect human studies showing or not the associations between the GM and exercise. Many controversies exist in the studies. However, the longitudinal studies show that frequently, medium-intensity endurance exercise has yielded most beneficial effects on the GM, but the results vary depending on the study population and exercise protocol. In addition, the literature shows that certain microbes own the potency to increase physical activity and performance. Generally, a physically active lifestyle and exercise associate with a “healthy” GM. However, in previously sedentary subjects, the exercise-induced improvements in the GM seem to disappear unless the active lifestyle is continued. Unfortunately, several studies are not controlled for the diet. Thus, in the future, more longitudinal studies on the GM and physical performance are needed, with detailed dietary information.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherMDPI AG
dc.relation.ispartofseriesMetabolites
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.othergut microbiota
dc.subject.otherexercise training
dc.subject.otherhuman
dc.subject.otherlongitudinal studies
dc.subject.otherphysical activity
dc.subject.otherhealth
dc.titleGut Microbiota, Microbial Metabolites and Human Physical Performance
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202110275426
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2218-1989
dc.relation.numberinseries11
dc.relation.volume11
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.relation.grantnumber321522
dc.relation.grantnumber308042
dc.relation.grantnumber316966
dc.subject.ysopitkittäistutkimus
dc.subject.ysosuolistomikrobisto
dc.subject.ysoaineenvaihdunta
dc.subject.ysokuntoliikunta
dc.subject.ysosuorituskyky
dc.subject.ysofyysinen aktiivisuus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14610
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p37925
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3066
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3708
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14041
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23102
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/metabo11110716
dc.relation.funderSuomen Akatemiafi
dc.relation.funderSuomen Akatemiafi
dc.relation.funderSuomen Akatemiafi
dc.relation.funderAcademy of Finlanden
dc.relation.funderAcademy of Finlanden
dc.relation.funderAcademy of Finlanden
jyx.fundingprogramAkatemiahanke, SAfi
jyx.fundingprogramAkatemiatutkijan tehtävä, SAfi
jyx.fundingprogramAkatemiahanke, SAfi
jyx.fundingprogramAcademy Project, AoFen
jyx.fundingprogramResearch post as Academy Research Fellow, AoFen
jyx.fundingprogramAcademy Project, AoFen
jyx.fundinginformationSatu Pekkala was financially supported by the Academy of Finland Researcher fellowship (grant ID 308042). Sanna Lensu has financial support from the projects funded by the Academy of Finland (grant ID 316966 and 321522).


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