Longitudinal associations between parental and offspring’s leisure‐time physical activity : The Young Finns Study
Yang, X., Kukko, T., Hirvensalo, M., Biddle, S. J., Rovio, S. P., Pahkala, K., Hutri‐Kähönen, N., Raitakari, O. T., & Tammelin, T. H. (2022). Longitudinal associations between parental and offspring’s leisure‐time physical activity : The Young Finns Study. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 32(1), 223-232. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.14066
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Purpose The longitudinal influence of parental leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) on their offspring’s LTPA is poorly understood. This study examined the longitudinal associations between parental LTPA and offspring’s LTPA at two-time intervals. Method Child (offspring) participants (N=3596) were enrolled from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 1980. Their LTPA was self-rated through nine phases from baseline to 2018 and categorized by year into youth (1980‒1986) and adult (1992‒2018) LTPA. Parental LTPA was assessed with a single self-reported question at three phases from 1980 to 1986. Latent growth curve modeling stratified by gender was fitted to estimate the potential pathways between parental LTPA and offspring’s youth and adult LTPA. Results Higher initial levels of paternal and maternal LTPA were independently associated with greater initial levels of youth and adult LTPA of offspring in both genders respectively, except maternal LTPA that did not associate with male offspring’s adult LTPA. The initial levels of paternal LTPA were directly related to changes in male offspring’s youth LTPA after adjusting for age, residential place, paternal education and occupation, having siblings, and offspring’s body mass index. Conclusion Our study demonstrates that the initial levels of parental LTPA are directly linked to the initial levels of offspring’s LTPA during youth and adulthood, while changes in parental LTPA are unrelated to changes in offspring’s youth and adult LTPA for either gender over time. These results imply that higher initial levels of LTPA in parents may serve as a predictor of offspring’s LTPA across life stages. ...
Dataset(s) related to the publicationhttp://youngfinnsstudy.utu.fi/
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Additional information about fundingThe present study was financially supported by the Academy of Finland: grants 322098, 286284, 134309 (EYE), 126925, 121584, 124282, 129378 (SALVE), 117787 (GENDI), and 41071 (SKIDI); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (grant 415635, XY); Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere and Turku University Hospitals (grant X51001); Juho Vainio Foundation (XY); Paavo Nurmi Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; Finnish Cultural Foundation; Sigrid Juselius Foundation; Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; Emil Aaltonen Foundation; Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association; EU Horizon 2020 (grant 755320 for TAXINOMISIS and grant 848146 for To Aition); European Research Council (grant 742927 for MULTIEPIGEN project); and Tampere University Hospital Supporting Foundation. KP is founded by an Academy of Finland research fellowship (no. 322112). ...
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