Associations of parental physical activity trajectories with offspring's physical activity patterns from childhood to middle adulthood : The Young Finns Study
Yang, X., Kukko, T., Kaseva, K., Biddle, S. J., Rovio, S. P., Pahkala, K., Kulmala, J., Hakonen, H., Hirvensalo, M., Hutri-Kähönen, N., Raitakari, O. T., & Tammelin, T. H. (2022). Associations of parental physical activity trajectories with offspring's physical activity patterns from childhood to middle adulthood : The Young Finns Study. Preventive Medicine, 163, Article 107211. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2022.107211
Published inPreventive Medicine
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc.
We investigated the association of parental physical activity (PA) trajectories with offspring's youth and adult PA. Self-reported PA data were extracted from the Young Finns Study with three follow-ups for parents between 1980 and 1986 and nine follow-ups for their offspring in youth between 1980 and 2011 (aged 9–39 years, n = 2402) and in adulthood in 2018. Accelerometer-derived PA was quantified in 2018–2020 (aged 43–58 years, n = 1134). Data were analyzed using mixture models and conducted in 2022. We identified three trajectories for fathers and mothers (high-stable activity, 20.2%/16.6%; moderate-stable activity, 50.5%/49.6%; and low-stable activity, 29.4%/33.7%) and four for youth male and female offspring (persistently active, 13.4%/5.1%; increasingly active, 32.1%/43.1%; decreasingly active, 14.4%/12.6%; and persistently low-active, 40.1%/39.1%). Compared to low-stable active parents, high-stable active fathers had a higher probability of having their sons and daughters classified as persistently active, increasingly active, and decreasingly active in youth (Brange = 0.50–1.79, all p < 0.008), while high- and moderate-stable active mothers had significantly increased likelihood of having their daughters classified as persistently active and decreasingly active in youth (Brange = 0.63–1.16, all p < 0.009). Fathers' and mothers' high-stable activity was associated with higher self-reported PA of adult offspring than parental low-stable activity. Persistently active and increasingly active offspring in youth accumulated more adult total PA, moderate-to-vigorous PA, step counts, and self-reported PA than persistently low-active ones (all p < 0.036). Parental persistent PA, particularly paternal persistent PA, predicts offspring's PA concurrently and prospectively. Increasing and maintaining PA in youth predicts higher PA levels in midlife. ...
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Additional information about fundingThe YFS project (https://youngfinnsstudy.utu.fi) was supported by the Academy of Finland (grant nos. 322098, 286284, and 134309 [EYE]; 126925, 121584, 124282, and 129378 [SALVE]; 117787 [GENDI]; and 41071 [SKIDI]); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (grant no. OKM/28/626/2019 and OKM/86/626/2020, XY); the Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere and Turku University Hospitals (grant no. X51001); the Juho Vainio Foundation (grant no. 202100359, XY); the Paavo Nurmi Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; the Finnish Cultural Foundation; the Sigrid Juselius Foundation; the Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; the Emil Aaltonen Foundation; the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; the Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; the Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association; the EU Horizon 2020 (grant no. 755320 for TAXINOMISIS and grant no. 848146 for To Aition); the European Research Council (grant no. 742927 for MULTIEPIGEN project); the Tampere University Hospital Supporting Foundation, and the Amer Cultural Foundation (KK). KP is founded by an Academy of Finland research fellowship (no. 322112). ...
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