Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorMehner, Thomas
dc.contributor.authorPalm, Stefan
dc.contributor.authorDelling, Bo
dc.contributor.authorKarjalainen, Juha
dc.contributor.authorKiełpińska, Jolanta
dc.contributor.authorVogt, Asja
dc.contributor.authorFreyhof, Jörg
dc.identifier.citationMehner, T., Palm, S., Delling, B., Karjalainen, J., Kiełpińska, J., Vogt, A., & Freyhof, J. (2021). Genetic relationships between sympatric and allopatric Coregonus ciscoes in North and Central Europe. <i>BMC Ecology and Evolution</i>, <i>21</i>, Article 186. <a href="" target="_blank"></a>
dc.description.abstractBackground Sympatric speciation along ecological gradients has been studied repeatedly, in particular in freshwater fishes. Rapid post-glacial ecological divergence has resulted in numerous endemic species or ecologically distinct populations in lakes of the temperate zones. Here, we focus on the Baltic cisco (Coregonus albula) complex, to study the genetic similarity among two pairs of sympatric autumn- and spring-spawning populations from post-glacial German Lakes Stechlin and Breiter Luzin. For comparison, we included a similar pair of sympatric populations from the Swedish Lake Fegen. We wanted to explore potential genetic similarities between the three sympatric cisco population pairs in the three lakes, to evaluate whether the pairs may have emerged independently in the three lakes, or whether two different species may have colonized all three lakes independently. Furthermore, we considered allopatric C. albula populations from three Polish, three Finnish, and four Swedish locations, added one Siberian population of the sister species C. sardinella and a Swedish C. maraena (whitefish) population. By genotyping nine microsatellite markers in 655 individuals from these 18 populations, we wanted to elucidate how strongly the cisco populations differ across a larger geographical area within Europe. Finally, we compared the genetic differences between the spring- and autumn-spawning populations of ciscoes in the two German lakes to infer the potentially deteriorating effect of strong anthropogenic pressure on the lakes. Results Dendrogram, Principal Coordinate Analysis and admixture analysis all indicated strong correspondence between population differentiation and geographical location for most cisco populations in Europe, including the Siberian population of C. sardinella. However, populations from some Swedish lakes deviated from this general pattern, by showing a distinct genetic structure. We found evidence for independent evolution of the three sympatric population pairs, because the populations co-occurring in the same lake were always most closely related. However, genetic differentiation was weak in the two German population pairs, but strong in the Swedish Lake Fegen, indicating that the weak differentiation in the German pairs reported earlier has eroded further. Conclusions Our results suggest that the genetic differentiation at neutral genetic markers among populations of the Baltic cisco complex has evolved (and is maintained) by random genetic drift in isolated populations. However, earlier studies on the Swedish populations combining mitochondrial DNA and microsatellite data indicate that also post-glacial immigration from separate glacial refugia has shaped the present genetic population structure. The low neutral differentiation of the German sympatric pairs in contrast to the Swedish pair suggests that recent anthropogenic effects on the lakes in Germany may put the endemic spring-spawners at risk to extinction.en
dc.publisherBiomed Central
dc.relation.ispartofseriesBMC Ecology and Evolution
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherCoregonus albula
dc.subject.otherpost-glacial divergence
dc.subject.otherBaltic cisco complex
dc.subject.otherspecies loss
dc.titleGenetic relationships between sympatric and allopatric Coregonus ciscoes in North and Central Europe
dc.contributor.laitosBio- ja ympäristötieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Biological and Environmental Scienceen
dc.contributor.oppiaineAkvaattiset tieteetfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineAquatic Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSchool of Resource Wisdomen
dc.rights.copyright© The Author(s) 2021
jyx.fundinginformationOpen Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL. Funding was provided by the Leibniz Institute of Freshwater Ecology and Inland Fisheries (IGB).

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

CC BY 4.0
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as CC BY 4.0