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dc.contributor.authorKuokkanen, Joni
dc.contributor.authorVirtanen, Tuomo
dc.contributor.authorHirvensalo, Mirja
dc.contributor.authorRomar, Jan-Erik
dc.date.accessioned2021-09-27T09:57:02Z
dc.date.available2021-09-27T09:57:02Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationKuokkanen, J., Virtanen, T., Hirvensalo, M., & Romar, J.-E. (2021). The reliability and validity of the sport engagement instrument in the Finnish dual career context. <i>International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology</i>, <i>Early online</i>. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2021.1979074" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1080/1612197x.2021.1979074</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_101163890
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/77918
dc.description.abstractAlthough engagement is key to predicting burnout and dropout, few existing instruments measure this phenomenon in the sports context. As part of a larger three-year Lower Secondary Sports Schools Pilot Project (LSSSPP) in Finland, we conducted two studies as part of the present research with the major aims of (a) constructing the Sport Engagement Instrument (SpEI) and (b) validating the new instrument in the Finnish dual career context. In the preparatory study, an expert panel constructed the SpEI, a questionnaire comprising 37 items intended to measure cognitive and affective sports engagement. The main study utilised questionnaire data collected from two independent samples (n1 = 992 and n2 = 465) of lower secondary school student athletes aged 13 and 14 years to validate the SpEI. Six competing factorial structures with differing numbers and subsets of the 37 items were analysed using a series of confirmatory factor analyses. The results indicate that 18 items dispersed along with four affective engagement factors and either two first-order or one second-order cognitive engagement factor described the sports engagement phenomenon most accurately in both samples. Higher levels of sport burnout correlated negatively and behavioural engagement positively with affective and cognitive dimensions of engagement, which supported the instrument’s validity. Although further validation is needed, the SpEI, in combination with coach and parental observations of changes in behavioural signs, might be useful in identifying athletes with low sports engagement and developing subsequent interventions accordingly.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherRoutledge
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 4.0
dc.subject.otherAffective engagement
dc.subject.othercognitive engagement
dc.subject.otherbehavioural engagement
dc.subject.otherquestionnaire
dc.titleThe reliability and validity of the sport engagement instrument in the Finnish dual career context
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202109274986
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosKasvatustieteiden laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Educationen
dc.contributor.oppiaineKasvatustiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntapedagogiikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineEducationen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSport Pedagogyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn1612-197X
dc.relation.volumeEarly online
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2021 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysositoutuminen
dc.subject.ysokyselytutkimus
dc.subject.ysouupumus
dc.subject.ysonuoret
dc.subject.ysoopiskelu
dc.subject.ysourheilu-ura
dc.subject.ysovaliditeetti
dc.subject.ysoreliabiliteetti
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p13419
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p10631
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p130
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p11617
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4781
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p29558
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p19898
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p9970
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1080/1612197x.2021.1979074
jyx.fundinginformationThis work was supported by Högskolestiftelsen i Österbotten.


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