Personality Traits and Changes in Health Behaviors and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Longitudinal Analysis from Pre-pandemic to Onset and End of the Initial Emergency Conditions in Finland
Kekäläinen, T., Hietavala, E.-M., Hakamäki, M., Sipilä, S., Laakkonen, E. K., & Kokko, K. (2021). Personality Traits and Changes in Health Behaviors and Depressive Symptoms during the COVID-19 Pandemic : A Longitudinal Analysis from Pre-pandemic to Onset and End of the Initial Emergency Conditions in Finland. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 18(15), Article 7732. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18157732
© 2021 by the authors
The COVID-19 pandemic and social distancing measures targeting the transmission of the virus impacted everyday life in 2020. This study investigated pre- to in-pandemic changes in health behaviors and depressive symptoms during the COVID-19 pandemic and the role of personality traits in these changes in Finland. Data from a larger population-based cohort study of 51–59-year-old Finnish women were used (n = 358). Self-reported questionnaires gathered information about depressive symptoms, eating behavior, physical activity, and alcohol consumption before the pandemic time, at the onset, and at the end of the COVID-19 emergency conditions. Information about personality traits (extraversion and neuroticism) and sociodemographic factors was available from the pre-pandemic baseline. Women reported more depressive symptoms and unhealthier eating habits at the end of the emergency conditions compared to the pre-pandemic time. An increase in depressive symptoms was associated with changing to unhealthier eating habits. Higher extraversion was associated with a perceived decrease in alcohol consumption and with changing to healthier eating habits. Women with higher neuroticism reported changing to either healthier or unhealthier eating habits. In general, some women reported healthier lifestyle changes while other women reported the opposite. Personality traits help to understand these individual differences in adaptation to the pandemic situation. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland; Ministry of Education and Culture
Funding program(s)Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Others; Academy Project, AoF; Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe preparation of the present article was funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland (KK: OKM/49/626/2017, OKM/72/626/2018, OKM/92/626/2019). The data collection of the ERMA and EsmiRs studies was funded by the Academy of Finland (No. 275323 and EKL: 309504) and the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland (KK: OKM/49/626/2017, OKM/72/626/2018). KK has received support from the Academy of Finland (323541). EKL (Academy of Finland 309504 and 314181) was an Academy Research Fellow at the time of the preparation of the manuscript ...
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