Personality, motivational, and social cognition predictors of leisure-time physical activity
Kekäläinen, T., Tammelin, T. H., Hagger, M. S., Lintunen, T., Hyvärinen, M., Kujala, U. M., Laakkonen, E. K., & Kokko, K. (2022). Personality, motivational, and social cognition predictors of leisure-time physical activity. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 60, Article 102135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2022.102135
Published inPsychology of Sport and Exercise
DisciplineLiikuntalääketiedeResurssiviisausyhteisöGerontologia ja kansanterveysLiikuntapsykologiaSports and Exercise MedicineSchool of Resource WisdomGerontology and Public HealthSport and Exercise Psychology
© 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Objective The purpose of the present study was to investigate associations between personality traits of extraversion and neuroticism, autonomous motivation, and the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) constructs and leisure-time physical activity. The study examined whether autonomous motivation and the TPB constructs mediate the association between personality traits and physical activity, and whether personality traits moderate the relationship of autonomous motivation and the TPB constructs with physical activity. Methods Middle-aged women (N = 441) completed self-report measures of personality traits, autonomous motivation, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC) and intention. Moderate-to-vigorous leisure-time physical activity (MVPA) was measured using accelerometers approximately seven weeks later. Participants’ past accelerometer-based MVPA was available from four years earlier. Results Only autonomous motivation and past MVPA directly predicted MVPA. Neuroticism and past MVPA were indirectly related with MVPA through autonomous motivation. No support for a moderator role of personality traits was found. Conclusions Current data suggest that autonomous motivation and past experience are prominent determinants of accelerometer-based leisure-time MVPA, but not beliefs and intentions. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Academy Project, AoF; Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingThe preparation of the present article was funded by the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland (KK: OKM/49/626/2017, OKM/72/626/2018, OKM/92/626/2019). The data collection of the ERMA and EsmiRs study was funded by the Academy of Finland (EKL: No. 275323, 314181 and 335249) and the Ministry of Education and Culture of Finland (KK: OKM/49/626/2017, OKM/72/626/2018) and the Juho Vainio Foundation (EKL). KK has received support from the Academy of Finland (323541). EKL (Academy of Finland 309504) was Academy Research Fellow during the preparation of the manuscript ...
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