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dc.contributor.authorHakulinen, Christian
dc.contributor.authorBöckerman, Petri
dc.contributor.authorPulkki-Råback, Laura
dc.contributor.authorVirtanen, Marianna
dc.contributor.authorElovainio, Marko
dc.date.accessioned2021-01-11T12:39:45Z
dc.date.available2021-01-11T12:39:45Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationHakulinen, C., Böckerman, P., Pulkki-Råback, L., Virtanen, M., & Elovainio, M. (2021). Employment and earnings trajectories before and after sickness absence due to major depressive disorder : a nationwide case–control study. <i>Occupational and Environmental Medicine</i>, <i>78</i>(3), 173-178. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2020-106660" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1136/oemed-2020-106660</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_43406912
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/73566
dc.description.abstractObjectives: To examine employment and earnings trajectories before and after the first sickness absence period due to major depressive disorder (MDD). Methods: All individuals (n=158 813) in Finland who had a first sickness absence period (lasting longer than 9 days) due to MDD between 2005 and 2015 were matched with one randomly selected individual of the same age and gender with no history of MDD. Employment status and earnings were measured using register-based data annually from 2005 to 2015. Generalised estimating equations were used to examine the trajectories of employment and earnings before and after MDD diagnosis in men and women separately. Results: Sickness absence due to MDD was associated with increased probability of non-employment during and after the year of the first sickness absence period. In men, but not in women, the probability of being employed was lower 5 years before the sickness absence period due to MDD. When compared with the individuals in the control group, men had around 34% and women 15% lower earnings 1 year, and 40% and 23%, respectively, 5 years, after the first sickness absence period due to MDD. More severe MDD and longer duration of sickness absence period were associated with lower probability of being employed. Conclusions: Sickness absence due to MDD was associated with considerable reduction in employment and earnings losses. For men and individuals with more severe MDD, this reduction was before the first sickness period. This supports a reciprocal association between employment and earnings with MDD.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherBMJ Publishing Group
dc.relation.ispartofseriesOccupational and Environmental Medicine
dc.rightsCC BY-NC 4.0
dc.subject.otherepidemiology
dc.subject.othermental health
dc.subject.otherpsychiatry
dc.subject.othersickness absence
dc.titleEmployment and earnings trajectories before and after sickness absence due to major depressive disorder : a nationwide case–control study
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202101111046
dc.contributor.laitosKauppakorkeakoulufi
dc.contributor.laitosSchool of Business and Economicsen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEmpirical Microeconomicsfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineTaloustiedefi
dc.contributor.oppiainePolitiikkarelevantti taloustiede (painoala)fi
dc.contributor.oppiaineEmpirical Microeconomicsen
dc.contributor.oppiaineEconomicsen
dc.contributor.oppiainePolicy-Relevant Economics (focus area)en
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange173-178
dc.relation.issn1351-0711
dc.relation.numberinseries3
dc.relation.volume78
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© Authors, 2020
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysotyöllistyminen
dc.subject.ysomielenterveysongelmat
dc.subject.ysotyöllisyysaste
dc.subject.ysomasennus
dc.subject.ysotulotaso
dc.subject.ysosairauspoissaolot
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3542
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20629
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p20759
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7995
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23855
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24142
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1136/oemed-2020-106660
jyx.fundinginformationThis work was supported by the Academy of Finland (310591 to CH), the Academy of Finland Flagship Programme (320162), Palkansaajasäätiö and the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation.


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