Labour market trajectories after part-time sickness absence : a nationwide cohort study from Finland
Hartikainen, E., Salonen, L., Solovieva, S., Blomgren, J., Böckerman, P., Viikari-Juntura, E., & Leinonen, T. (2023). Labour market trajectories after part-time sickness absence : a nationwide cohort study from Finland. BMJ Open, 13(10), Article e075584. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2023-075584
Published inBMJ Open
© 2023 the Authors
Objectives: The use of part-time sickness absence (pSA) enables return to part-time work from full sickness absence. However, subsequent labour market outcomes of pSA users depend on various individual and work-related characteristics. We investigated labour market paths of private and public sector employees after having a pSA spell. Moreover, we examined individual and work-related factors associated with following them. Design: Longitudinal register-based cohort study. Setting: Finnish employed population. Participants: 9896 receivers of partial sickness allowance aged 45–56 in the years 2010–2014. Outcome: We constructed labour market trajectories based on the proportion of time spent in various labour market statuses measured over 3 years after the end of the pSA spell using multiresponse trajectory analysis. We then examined how different individual and work-related factors were associated with assignment to the different trajectory groups using logistic regression analyses. Results: The majority of the pSA users followed paths where work participation was consistently elevated (Sustained Work group, 40.4%), or only slightly reduced (Slightly Reduced Work group, 31.6%). Moreover, more than 1/10th of the users followed a path where receiving partial work disability benefits became predominant (Partial Work Disability group, 12.5%). The rest followed paths where other non-employment (Other Non-Employed group, 7.8%) or full work disability (Full Work Disability group, 7.7%) became the prevailing status. Lower educational level and income predicted assignment to all other groups than the Sustained Work group. Additional predictors were identified, yet these differed between the trajectory groups. Conclusions: The majority of the pSA users maintained a connection to working life, yet weaker working life paths were also identified. The paths were determined by various individual and work-related factors that can help health professionals and employers to better target support measures particularly towards individuals whose connection to working life is at risk to weaken after the use of pSA. ...
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- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Additional information about fundingThis study was supported by the Finnish Work Environment Fund (project number 190400) and Keva.
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