Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity
Ravi, S., Kujala, U. M., Tammelin, T. H., Hirvensalo, M., Kovanen, V., Valtonen, M., Waller, B., Aukee, P., Sipilä, S., & Laakkonen, E. K. (2020). Adolescent Sport Participation and Age at Menarche in Relation to Midlife Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, Fitness, and Physical Activity. Journal of Clinical Medicine, 9(12), Article 3797. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcm9123797
Published inJournal of Clinical Medicine
DisciplineLiikuntapedagogiikkaLiikuntalääketiedeGerontologia ja kansanterveysSport PedagogySports and Exercise MedicineGerontology and Public Health
© Authors, 2020
This study aimed to investigate the associations of competitive sport participation in adolescence and age at menarche (AAM) with body composition, femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD), physical performance, and physical activity (PA) in middle-aged women. 1098 women aged 47–55 years formed the sample of this retrospective study. Participants self-reported their PA level at age 13–16 years and AAM. The protocol also included dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, physical performance tests, and accelerometer-measured PA. Participants were divided into three groups according to their PA level at the age of 13–16 (no exercise, regular PA, and competitive sport) and according to their AAM (≤12, 13, and ≥14 years). After adjusting for potential confounding factors, participation in competitive sport at age 13–16 was associated with higher midlife lean mass and BMD, and better physical performance compared to groups with no exercise or regular PA. Individuals with AAM ≥ 14 years had lower midlife BMI and fat mass than participants in the other AAM groups and pre- and perimenopausal women with AAM ≥ 14 years had lower BMD than those with AAM ≤ 12. The findings indicate that participation in competitive sport in adolescence is associated with healthier body composition, higher BMD, and better physical performance in midlife, but BMD might be impaired if menarche occurs late. ...
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- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Academy of Finland
Funding program(s)Research post as Academy Research Fellow, AoF; Academy Project, AoF; Research costs of Academy Research Fellow, AoF
Additional information about fundingThis research was funded by the Academy of Finland (VK: grant 275323, EKL: grants 309504, 314181) and the Juho Vainio Foundation (EKL).
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