Motives for competitive sports participation in masters track and field athletes : Impact of sociodemographic factors and competitive background
Kontro, T. K., Bondarev, D., Pyykönen, K.-M., von Bonsdorff, M., Laakso, L., Suominen, H., & Korhonen, M. T. (2022). Motives for competitive sports participation in masters track and field athletes : Impact of sociodemographic factors and competitive background. PLoS ONE, 17(11), e0275900. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0275900
Published inPLoS ONE
© 2022 Kontro et al.
Objectives Masters athletes due to their lifelong engagement in sport represent a unique group to study motivation for regular physical activity, but there is less scientific data on the sport motives in masters athletes. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the association of age, sex, education, nationality, competitive background and training amount with sport motives of masters track and field athletes. Methods 811 (254 women) athletes aged 35–89 years participated in European Veterans Athletics Championships in the year of 2000. Sport motives were assessed with a questionnaire and categorized into1) well-being, 2) competitive and performance 3) health and fitness motives. Results Men considered health and fitness motives more important than women (p = 0.022). Over 65-year-old athletes considered health and fitness motives more important than the youngest, 35-49-year age group (p<0.001). Education was not associated with sport motives, while motives varied significantly among different nationalities. Athletes from Nordic Countries considered well-being motives more important than Southern Europeans (p<0.001) or Western Europeans (p<0.05). Athletes from Nordic Countries (p = 0.003), Eastern Europe (p<0.001) and Central Europe (p<0.001) found health and fitness motives more meaningful than athletes from the British Isles. Furthermore, athletes with competitive background before the age of 35 and training amount more than 7.5 h a week found competitive and performance motives more important than athletes without a competitive history (p = 0.002). Conclusions These results suggest that age, sex, nationality and former athleticism are associated with sports motives among international level masters track and field athletes. It seems that while for masters athletes with competitive background performance motives dominate, for older adults, particularly for males, health and fitness motives are more important. In addition, when designing the exercise interventions for older adults, different sport motives across countries should be considered. ...
PublisherPublic Library of Science (PLoS)
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe study was funded by University of Jyväskylä and by grants from the Finnish Ministry of Education, and Sports Institute Foundation.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Waller, Katja (University of Jyväskylä, 2011)
Relationships Between Youth Sports Participation and Mental Health in Young Adulthood Among Finnish Males Appelqvist-Schmidlechner, Kaija; Vaara, Jani; Häkkinen, Arja; Vasankari, Tommi; Mäkinen, Juha; Mäntysaari, Matti; Kyröläinen, Heikki (Sage Publications, 2018)There is a growing body of evidence that higher level of physical activity is associated with a better state of mental health. Less is known about the relationships between youth competitive sports and mental health in ...
Moyers, Susette A.; Hagger, Martin S. (Routledge, Taylor & Francis, 2020)The salutogenic model of health proposes that sense of coherence, a multi-dimensional construct representing individuals’ perceptions that their environment is comprehensible, manageable, and meaningful, is a key determinant ...
Genetic and Environmental Effects on the Individual Variation and Continuity of Participation in Diverse Physical Activities Kaartinen, Sara; Silventoinen, Karri; Korhonen, Tellervo; Kujala, Urho M.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Aaltonen, Sari (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2021)Introduction Participation in diverse physical activities has beneficial health effects. However, little is known on how genetic and environmental factors affect this trait. Thus, we examined to what extent these factors ...
Leisure-time physical activity and participation in organized sports : changes from 1985-2014 in Finland and Norway Mathisen, Frida Kathrine Sofie; Kokko, Sami; Tynjälä, Jorma; Torsheim, Torbjørn; Wold, Bente (Wiley-Blackwell, 2019)Participation in organized sports is a popular and important part of the lives of children and adolescents and is associated with improved psychological and social health, as well as an increased likelihood of meeting ...