Physical fitness and anthropometrics in Finnish soldiers during their early career : prospective changes during a 3-year follow-up
Vaara, J.P., Pihlainen, K., Rusila, J., Ojanen, T., & Kyröläinen, H. (2023). Physical fitness and anthropometrics in Finnish soldiers during their early career : prospective changes during a 3-year follow-up. BMJ Military Health, 169(2), 116-121. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjmilitary-2020-001571
Published inBMJ Military Health
© Authors, 2020
Introduction: Physical fitness is a fundamental capability required of military personnel, but studies focusing on longitudinal changes in physical fitness and anthropometrics in soldiers are lacking. The aim was to evaluate physical fitness and anthropometrics in soldiers during their early career. Methods: A 3-year prospective study included 180 male soldiers (baseline age 26±2 years) with measures of a 12 min running test, standing long jump, sit-up and push-up tests, and body mass, height and waist circumference (WC). Baseline data were stratified into tertiles, and the changes within each tertile were analysed using dependent t-tests and analysis of variance. Results: 12 min running test distance decreased on average by 2% (−54 m), sit-up performance 3% (−1.5 repetitions (reps)/min), push-up performance 4% (−1.9 reps/min) and standing long jump performance 1% (−2.1 cm) over the 3-year period (p<0.05). Both aerobic and muscular fitness decreased consistently among the highest baseline tertile (12 min running test: −70 m, sit-ups: −3.2 reps/min, push-ups: −7.5 reps/min, standing long jump: −5.5 cm; p<0.001), whereas both aerobic and muscular fitness levels were maintained and push-up performance was improved (p<0.05) in the lowest baseline tertiles. Body mass increased on average by 4% (+3.4 kg) and WC by 4% (+3.9 cm) (p<0.001), and these increases were observed for all baseline tertiles (p<0.05). Conclusions: Small decrements in physical fitness and anthropometrics exist during the early career of soldiers. The changes in physical fitness differed according to baseline fitness levels. The results indicate that support for exercise training may be needed even in a soldier’s early career. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Changes in physical fitness and anthropometrics differ between female and male recruits during the Finnish military service Santtila, M.; Pihlainen, K.; Vaara, J.; Tokola, K.; Kyröläinen, H. (BMJ Publishing, 2022)Introduction: Military training programmes are often similar for male and female recruits despite sex differences in physical performance that may influence training adaptations during military service. The present study ...
Katsaus kansainvälisen sotilaan fyysisen suorituskyvyn kongressin (International Congress of Soldiers’ Physical Performance, ICSPP) historiaan Santtila, Matti; Pihlainen, Kai; Kyröläinen, Heikki (Maanpuolustuskorkeakoulu, 2021)
Physical Activity Tracker Application in Promoting Physical Activity Behavior among Older Adults : A 24-month Follow-Up Study Kari, Tuomas; Makkonen, Markus; Carlsson, Christer (SAGE Publications, 2023)To investigate whether and how PA tracker application use supports PA behavior among older adults during the first 24 months of use. Methods: The changes in PA levels (i.e., time spent in different PA intensities) and ...
Leisure-time physical activity from adolescence to late middle age and its associations with the COVID-19 pandemic : A 45-year follow-up Laakso, Perttu T.T.; Huotari, Pertti; Tolvanen, Asko J.; Kujala, Urho M.; Laakso, Lauri H.T.; Jaakkola, Timo T. (Routledge, 2022)We aimed to investigate the association of self-reported leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over a 45-years from adolescence to late middle age mediated by LTPA in early middle age. We also explored whether LTPA in ...
Juppi, Hanna‐Kaarina; Sipilä, Sarianna; Fachada, Vasco; Hyvärinen, Matti; Cronin, Neil; Aukee, Pauliina; Karppinen, Jari E.; Selänne, Harri; Kujala, Urho M.; Kovanen, Vuokko; Karvinen, Sira; Laakkonen, Eija K. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2022)For women, menopausal transition is a time of significant hormonal changes, which may contribute to altered body composition and regional adipose tissue accumulation. Excess adiposity, and especially adipose tissue ...