Predicting change in middle school students’ leisure-time physical activity participation : A prospective test of the trans-contextual model
Polet, J., Lintunen, T., Schneider, J., & Hagger, M. S. (2020). Predicting change in middle school students’ leisure-time physical activity participation : A prospective test of the trans-contextual model. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 50(9), 512-523. https://doi.org/10.1111/jasp.12691
Published inJournal of Applied Social Psychology
© 2020 The Authors. Journal of Applied Social Psychology published by Wiley Periodicals LLC
We applied the trans-contextual model (TCM) to examine the effects of middle school students’ perceived autonomy support from their physical education (PE) teachers on autonomous motivation toward PE in school and, critically, autonomous motivation toward, and actual participation in, leisure-time physical activity (PA). The research adopted a three-wave prospective design enabling the modeling of change in the TCM constructs over time. Middle school students (N = 248) aged from 12 to 16 years reported their perceived autonomy support, autonomous motivation in PE, autonomous motivation toward leisure-time PA, attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC), intentions for PA in leisure-time, and leisure-time PA participation. The psychological constructs and leisure-time PA were measured at baseline (T0) and at a first follow-up occasion (T1) 5 weeks later. Another measure of PA was taken at a second follow-up occasion (T2) a further 5 weeks later. A single-indicator structural equation model using residualized change scores revealed that perceived autonomy support predicted autonomous motivation in PE (β = .345), and autonomous motivation in PE predicted autonomous motivation for leisure-time PA (β = .484). Autonomous motivation toward leisure-time PA predicted attitudes (β = .425), subjective norms (β = .264), and PBC (β = .517). Autonomous motivation toward leisure-time PA (β = .376), attitude (β = .231), and subjective norms (β = .185) predicted intentions toward leisure-time PA, and intentions predicted PA (β = .198). Findings extend research on the TCM by demonstrating its efficacy in predicting change in middle school students’ autonomous motivation across PE and leisure-time contexts, and accounting for change in intentions toward, and actual participation in, leisure-time PA. ...
ISSN Search the Publication Forum0021-9029
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Related funder(s)Ministry of Education and Culture
Additional information about fundingThis work was supported by a Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture (Grant No. OKM/62/626/2016). Martin S. Hagger's contribution was supported by a Finland Distinguished Professor (FiDiPro) award no. 1801/31/2015 from Business Finland.
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Testing and extending predictions of the trans-contextual model for leisure-time physical activity in middle school students Polet, Juho (2022)Social-cognition approaches (e.g., the theory of planned behavior) and motivational theories (e.g., self-determination theory) have been utilized to identify the determinants of health behavior. Research applying these ...
Testing a physical education-delivered autonomy supportive intervention to promote leisure-time physical activity in lower secondary school students : the PETALS trial Schneider, Jekaterina; Polet, Juho; Hassandra, Mary; Lintunen, Taru; Laukkanen, Arto; Hankonen, Nelli; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Tammelin, Tuija H.; Törmäkangas, Timo; Hagger, Martin S. (Biomed Central, 2020)Background Inadequate physical activity in young people is associated with several physical and mental health concerns. Physical education (PE) is a potentially viable existing network for promoting physical activity in ...
Predicting school students’ physical activity intentions in leisure-time and school recess contexts : testing an integrated model based on self-determination theory and theory of planned behavior Pasi, Heidi; Lintunen, Taru; Leskinen, Esko; Hagger, Martin S. (Public Library of Science (PLoS), 2021)Background Identifying psychological correlates of children’s physical activity intentions may signpost potentially modifiable targets for interventions aimed at promoting physical activity participation. School recess ...
Predictors of school students’ leisure-time physical activity : An extended trans-contextual model using Bayesian path analysis Polet, Juho; Schneider, Jekaterina; Hassandra, Mary; Lintunen, Taru; Laukkanen, Arto; Hankonen, Nelli; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Tammelin, Tuija H.; Hamilton, Kyra; Hagger, Martin S. (Public Library of Science, 2021)The present study aimed to examine effects of motivational and social cognition constructs on children’s leisure-time physical activity participation alongside constructs representing implicit processes using an extended ...
Trans-Contextual Model Predicting Change in Out-of-School Physical Activity : A One-Year Longitudinal Study Kalajas-Tilga, Hanna; Hein, Vello; Koka, Andre; Tilga, Henri; Raudsepp, Lennart; Hagger, Martin S. (SAGE Publications, 2022)The aim of the current study was to test the long-term predictive validity of the trans-contextual model in accounting for variance in adolescents’ out-of-school physical activity measured by self-report and accelerometer ...