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dc.contributor.authorOinas, Tomi
dc.contributor.authorRuuskanen, Petri
dc.contributor.authorHakala, Mari
dc.contributor.authorAnttila, Timo
dc.date.accessioned2020-06-24T06:44:14Z
dc.date.available2020-06-24T06:44:14Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationOinas, T., Ruuskanen, P., Hakala, M., & Anttila, T. (2020). The effect of early career social capital on long-term income development in Finland. <i>International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy</i>, <i>40</i>(11/12), 1373-1390. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-02-2020-0032" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSSP-02-2020-0032</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_35973328
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/70370
dc.description.abstractPurpose – In this study, the authors examine whether social capital embedded in individuals’ social networks is connected to employees’ long-term income development in Finland. Design/methodology/approach – Analyses are based on 25–35-year-old employees from the Finnish Living Conditions Survey of 1994 combined with register data on earned incomes from 1995 to 2016. The authors used questions addressing the frequency of meeting parents or siblings, spending free time with co-workers and participation in associational, civic or other societal activities as measures of the extent of network capital. Ordered logistic model was used to examine whether the size and composition of social networks differ by gender and socio-economic status. Linear growth curve models were employed to estimate the effect of social capital on long-term income development. Findings – Results indicate minor differences in network composition according to gender, but large differences between socio-economic groups. The authors found that income development was faster for those who participated in civic activities occasionally or who met their relatives or co-workers on a monthly basis, that is, for the “middle group”. Research limitations/implications – Results are generalizable only to Finnish or Nordic welfare state context. The authors’ measures of social capital come from cross-sectional survey. Thus, the authors are not able to address the stability or accumulation of social capital during life course. This restriction will probably cause the authors’ analysis to underestimate the true effect of social capital on earned incomes. Practical implications – Moderate-level investments to network capital seem to be the most beneficial with regard to the long-term income development. Social implications – The study results give support to the idea that social capital can be transformed into economic capital. The results also imply that in economic terms it is important to balance diverse forms of social capital. At the policy level, a special emphasis should be directed to employees with low-socio-economic position. These people are especially vulnerable as their low level of income is combined with network composition that hinders their further income development. Originality/value – The combined survey and register data give unique insight on how the social capital embedded in individuals’ social networks is connected with long-term income development.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherEmerald
dc.relation.ispartofseriesInternational Journal of Sociology and Social Policy
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.othergender
dc.subject.othersocial networks
dc.subject.otherlabour market
dc.subject.otherincome
dc.subject.othersocial capital
dc.titleThe effect of early career social capital on long-term income development in Finland
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202006244562
dc.contributor.laitosYhteiskuntatieteiden ja filosofian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Social Sciences and Philosophyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineYhteiskuntapolitiikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSosiologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineSocial and Public Policyen
dc.contributor.oppiaineSosiologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1373-1390
dc.relation.issn0144-333X
dc.relation.numberinseries11/12
dc.relation.volume40
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2020 the Author(s)
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysososiaaliset verkostot
dc.subject.ysosukupuoli
dc.subject.ysoansiokehitys
dc.subject.ysotyömarkkinat
dc.subject.ysotuloerot
dc.subject.ysososioekonominen asema
dc.subject.ysotyömarkkina-asema
dc.subject.ysososiaalinen pääoma
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p408
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p5291
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3477
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8831
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p3473
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2137
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p23554
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8998
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1108/IJSSP-02-2020-0032
jyx.fundinginformationThis study was supported by the Kone Foundation.


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