How Are Adolescents Sleeping? Adolescent Sleep Patterns and Sociodemographic Differences in 24 European and North American Countries
Gariepy, G., Danna, S., Gobiņa, I., Rasmussen, M., Gaspar de Matos, M., Tynjälä, J., Janssen, I., Kalman, M., Villeruša, A., Husarova, D., Brooks, F., Elgar, F. J., Klavina-Makrecka, S., Šmigelskas, K., Gaspar, T., & Schnohr, C. (2020). How Are Adolescents Sleeping? Adolescent Sleep Patterns and Sociodemographic Differences in 24 European and North American Countries. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66(6, Supplement), S81-S88. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jadohealth.2020.03.013
Published inJournal of Adolescent Health
DisciplineLiikuntapsykologiaTerveyskasvatusSport and Exercise PsychologyHealth Promotion and Health Education
© 2020 Elsevier
Purpose Insufficient and poor sleep patterns are common among adolescents worldwide. Up to now, the evidence on adolescent sleep has been mostly informed by country-specific studies that used different measures and age groups, making direct comparisons difficult. Cross-national data on adolescent sleep that could inform nations and international discussions are lacking. We examined the sleep patterns of adolescents across 24 countries and by gender, age, and affluence groups. Methods We obtained sleep data on 165,793 adolescents (mean age 13.5 years; 50.5% girls) in 24 European and North American countries from the recent cross-sectional Health Behaviour in School-aged Children surveys (2013–2014 and 2017–2018). For each country, we calculated the age-standardized mean in sleep duration, timing, and consistency and the proportions meeting sleep recommendations on school and nonschool days from self-reported bedtimes and wake times. We conducted stratified analyses by gender, age, and family affluence group. Results Adolescent sleep patterns varied cross-nationally. The average sleep duration ranged between 7:47 and 9:07 hours on school days and between 9:31 and 10:22 hours on nonschool days, and the proportion of adolescents meeting sleep recommendations ranged between 32% and 86% on school days and between 79% and 92% on nonschool days. Sleep patterns by gender and affluence groups were largely similar, but older adolescents slept less and went to bed later on school days than younger adolescents in all countries. Conclusions The sleep patterns of adolescents vary across countries and sociodemographic groups. Insufficient sleep on school days is common in many countries. Public health and policy efforts to promote healthy adolescent sleep are encouraged. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Additional information about fundingThe work was supported by the European Regional Develop-ment Fund-Project "Effective Use of Social Research Studies forPractice" (No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_025/0007294) and by fundingfrom the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (ÉTATL01000335) and the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, In-ter-Excellence, LTT18020 (HBSC Czech Republic); the Public HealthAgency of Canada (HBSC Canada); the Juho Vainio Foundation and the University of Jyvaskyla (HBSC Finland); and the Portugal- National Foundation for Science and Technology (HBSC Portugal). ...
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Adolescent use of social media and associations with sleep patterns across 18 European and North American countries Boniel-Nissim, Meyran; Tynjälä, Jorma; Gobiņa, Inese; Furstova, Jana; van den Eijnden, Regina J.J.M.; Marino, Claudia; Jeriček Klanšček, Helena; Klavina-Makrecka, Solvita; Villeruša, Anita; Lahti, Henri; Vieno, Alessio; Wong, Suzy L.; Villberg, Jari; Inchley, Joanna; Gariépy, Geneviève (Elsevier BV, 2023)Objective Over the past decade, concurrent with increasing social media use (SMU), there has been a shift toward poorer sleep among adolescents in many countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-national ...
National-Level Wealth Inequality and Socioeconomic Inequality in Adolescent Mental Well-Being : A Time Series Analysis of 17 Countries Dierckens, Maxim; Weinberg, Dominic; Huang, Yanyan; Elgar, Frank; Moor, Irene; Augustine, Lilly; Lyyra, Nelli; Deforche, Benedicte; De Clercq, Bart; Stevens, Gonneke W.J.M.; Currie, Candace (Elsevier, 2020)Purpose Although previous research has established a positive association between national income inequality and socioeconomic inequalities in adolescent health, very little is known about the extent to which national-level ...
Socioeconomic differences in the use of alcohol and drunkenness in adolescents : Trends in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study in Finland 1990–2014 Liu, Yang; Lintonen, Tomi; Tynjälä, Jorma; Villberg, Jari; Välimaa, Raili; Ojala, Kristiina; Kannas, Lasse (Sage, 2018)Aims: The aims of this study were to explore time-based trends of socioeconomic differences in alcohol use and drunkenness in Finnish adolescents from 1990 to 2014 and to investigate the significance of two indicators in ...
The Correlation between Adolescent Daily Breakfast Consumption and Socio-Demographic : Trends in 23 European Countries Participating in the Health Behaviour in School-Aged Children Study (2002–2018) Lazzeri, Giacomo; Ciardullo, Silvia; Spinelli, Angela; Pierannunzio, Daniela; Dzielska, Anna; Kelly, Colette; Thorsteinsson, Einar B.; Qirjako, Gentiana; Geraets, Anouk; Ojala, Kristiina; Rouche, Manon; Nardone, Paola (MDPI AG, 2023)Breakfast is often considered the most important meal of the day and can benefit adolescent health in several ways. The aims of the present study were (1) to identify adolescents’ socio-demographic (sex, family affluence ...
School Satisfaction and School Pressure in the WHO European Region and North America : An Analysis of Time Trends (2002–2018) and Patterns of Co-occurrence in 32 Countries Löfstedt, Petra; García-Moya, Irene; Corell, Maria; Paniagua, Carmen; Samdal, Oddrun; Välimaa, Raili; Lyyra, Nelli; Currie, Dorothy; Rasmussen, Mette (Elsevier, 2020)Purpose The purpose of the study was to examine the trends between 2002 and 2018 in school pressure and school satisfaction among 15-year-old students, across countries and by gender, in the WHO European region and North ...