Adolescent use of social media and associations with sleep patterns across 18 European and North American countries
Boniel-Nissim, M., Tynjälä, J., Gobiņa, I., Furstova, J., van den Eijnden, R. J., Marino, C., Jeriček Klanšček, H., Klavina-Makrecka, S., Villeruša, A., Lahti, H., Vieno, A., Wong, S. L., Villberg, J., Inchley, J., & Gariépy, G. (2023). Adolescent use of social media and associations with sleep patterns across 18 European and North American countries. Sleep Health, 9(3), 314-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2023.01.005
Published inSleep Health
© 2023 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of National Sleep Foundation.
Objective Over the past decade, concurrent with increasing social media use (SMU), there has been a shift toward poorer sleep among adolescents in many countries. The purpose of this study was to examine the cross-national associations between adolescent SMU and sleep patterns, by comparing 4 different categories of SMU (nonactive, active, intense, and problematic use). Design, setting, and participants Data were from 86,542 adolescents in 18 European and North American countries that participated in the 2017/18 Health Behaviour in School-aged study. Measurements Mixed-effects linear regression models were used to examine cross-national associations between 4 SMU categories and adolescent sleep duration, bedtime and social jetlag derived from self-reported data. Results For all countries combined, nonactive SMU was associated with longer sleep, earlier bedtimes, and less social jetlag, compared to active SMU, although the differences were minor. By comparison, intense and problematic SMU were associated with less sleep and later bedtimes on both school and nonschool days, and greater social jetlag, compared to active SMU. While findings were relatively consistent between countries, some differences were observed, suggesting that the national and cultural context may be important in interpreting results. Conclusions These findings suggest that both intense and problematic SMU are associated with poorer sleep patterns in adolescents across most countries. Further research is needed to identify effective policies, programs, and messaging to promote the healthy use of social media and prevent potential negative impacts on adolescent sleep. ...
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Additional information about fundingAt the national level, the HBSC study was also supported by funding from the Juho Vainio Foundation in Finland, the Public Health Agency of Canada; the Portugal-National Foundation for Science and Technology; by Public Health Scotland, and funding from the UK Medical Research Council (MC_UU_00022/1) and the Scottish Government Chief Scientist Office (SPHSU16); by the Technology Agency of the Czech Republic (ÉTA TL03000291); by the Ministry of Social Affairs and Health of Finland; and by the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Latvia, and The Centre for Disease Prevention and Control Latvia. ...
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