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dc.contributor.authorGao, Ying
dc.contributor.authorKristensen, Lars A.M.
dc.contributor.authorGrøndberg, Thomas S.
dc.contributor.authorMurray, Mike
dc.contributor.authorSjøgaard, Gisela
dc.contributor.authorSjøgaard, Karen
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-30T07:38:16Z
dc.date.available2020-03-30T07:38:16Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationGao, Ying; Kristensen, Lars A.M.; Grøndberg, Thomas S.; Murray, Mike; Sjøgaard, Gisela; Sjøgaard, Karen (2020). Electromyographic evaluation of specific elastic band exercises targeting neck and shoulder muscle activation. Applied Sciences, 10 (3), 756. DOI: 10.3390/app10030756
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_35130485
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68361
dc.description.abstractBackground: Specific strength training at a high intensity is effective in reducing work related neck/shoulder pain. However, it remains to be documented as to which exercises most specifically target neck and shoulder muscles at high activation level while using simple equipment as e.g., elastic bands. We hypothezised that selected exercises would specifically target the respective muscles, as follows: (1) shrugs and reverse flyes: the upper trapezius muscle, (2) cervical extension and lateral flexion: the upper neck extensor muscle, and (3) cervical flexion and rotation: the sternocleidomastoideus muscle. Methods: Eleven healthy males (25.9 ± 1.4 years, BMI 24.3 ± 1.4) with no neck/shoulder pain (VAS = 0) performed the six exercises with elastic bands at 12RM (repetition maximum) and 20RM in a randomized order. Electromyography was bilaterally recorded from the three muscles and it was normalized to maximal voluntary activation (%MVE). Exercises that evoke more than 60%MVE were considered as high intensity activation. Results: High muscle activation level was attained during 12RM in the upper trapezius muscle during shrugs (100.3 ± 29.8%MVE) and reverse flyes (91.6 ± 32.8%MVE) and in the upper neck extensor muscle during cervical extension (67.6 ± 29.8%MVE) and shrugs (61.9 ± 16.8%MVE). In the sternocleidomastoideus muscle, the highest activity was recorded during cervical flexion (51.7 ± 16.4%MVE) but it did not exceed 60%MVE. The overall activity was ~10% higher during 12RM when compared to 20RM. Conclusion: The simple exercises shrugs and reverse flyes resulted in high intensity activation of both the upper trapezius and neck extensors, while no exercises activated sternocleidomastoideus at high intensity.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.relation.ispartofseriesApplied Sciences
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherphysical training intensity
dc.subject.othertherapeutic exercises
dc.subject.otherwork related neck pain
dc.subject.othermusculoskeletal pain
dc.titleElectromyographic evaluation of specific elastic band exercises targeting neck and shoulder muscle activation
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202003302573
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.relation.issn2076-3417
dc.relation.numberinseries3
dc.relation.volume10
dc.type.versionpublishedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2020 The Author(s)
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoliikuntahoito
dc.subject.ysokipu
dc.subject.ysoelektromyografia
dc.subject.ysolihakset
dc.subject.ysokivunhoito
dc.subject.ysovoimaharjoittelu
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7811
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p14193
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p22356
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p2784
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p21778
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16233
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.3390/app10030756


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