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dc.contributor.authorAhtiainen, Juha P.
dc.contributor.authorSallinen, Janne
dc.contributor.authorHäkkinen, Keijo
dc.contributor.authorSillanpää, Elina
dc.date.accessioned2020-03-25T14:20:43Z
dc.date.available2020-03-25T14:20:43Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationAhtiainen, J. P., Sallinen, J., Häkkinen, K., & Sillanpää, E. (2020). Inter‐individual variation in responses to resistance training in cardiometabolic health indicators. <i>Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports</i>, <i>30</i>(6), 1040-1053. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13650" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13650</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_34958984
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/68334
dc.description.abstractAbstract Resistance training (RT) may improve metabolic health; however, the extent of its effectiveness is constantly evaluated to assess improvements in the group means, thus obscuring the heterogeneous individual effects. This study investigated inter‐individual variation in responses to RT as reflected in metabolic health indicators and how age, sex, nutrition and pre‐training phenotypes are associated with such variabilities. Methods Previously collected data of men and women (39‐73 years, 135 trained, 73 non‐trained controls) were pooled for analysis. Measurements were taken twice before training to estimate individual day‐to‐day variations and measurement errors (n=208). The individual responsiveness to the 21‐week RT in cardiometabolic health indicators (i.e., systolic blood pressure, high‐density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL‐C), cholesterol and triglycerides) was determined. Body composition was estimated by bioimpedance and dietary intake according to four‐day food diaries. Results Metabolic responses to RT seemed to be highly individual, and both beneficial and unfavourable changes were observed. Large inter‐individual variations in training response were not explained by a subject’s age, sex, body composition or nutritional status, with the exception of improvements in HDL‐C, which were associated with simultaneous decreases in body fat in older women. The incidence of metabolic syndrome diminished following RT. Conclusion This study showed that RT could improve some specific metabolic health indicators beyond normal day‐to‐day variations, especially in blood lipid profile. Further studies are needed to elucidate genetic and other mechanisms underlining the heterogeneity of RT responses. This knowledge may be useful in providing individually tailored exercise prescriptions as part of personalised preventative health care.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherJohn Wiley & Sons
dc.relation.ispartofseriesScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
dc.rightsCC BY 4.0
dc.subject.otherblood pressure
dc.subject.otherbody composition
dc.subject.otherglucose
dc.subject.otherinsulin
dc.subject.otherlipid profile
dc.titleInter‐individual variation in responses to resistance training in cardiometabolic health indicators
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-202003252549
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomekaniikkafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontologia ja kansanterveysfi
dc.contributor.oppiaineValmennus- ja testausoppifi
dc.contributor.oppiaineBiomechanicsen
dc.contributor.oppiaineGerontology and Public Healthen
dc.contributor.oppiaineScience of Sport Coaching and Fitness Testingen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1040-1053
dc.relation.issn0905-7188
dc.relation.numberinseries6
dc.relation.volume30
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Authors, 2020.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysoinsuliini
dc.subject.ysoharjoitusvaste
dc.subject.ysoglukoosi
dc.subject.ysokehonkoostumus
dc.subject.ysovoimaharjoittelu
dc.subject.ysolipidit
dc.subject.ysofysiologiset vaikutukset
dc.subject.ysoverenpaine
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p8422
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p24755
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p18742
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p26989
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16233
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p4799
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p11511
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p7682
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1111/sms.13650
jyx.fundinginformationThe authors acknowledge the financial contributions of Peurunka Medical Rehabilitation Centre, Finland; the Ministry of Education, Finland; and the Central Finland Health Care District, Jyväskylä, Finland. The authors thank the dedicated group of study participants for their time and effort, which made this study possible.


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