Education Leads to a More Physically Active Lifestyle : Evidence Based on Mendelian Randomization
Kari, J. T., Viinikainen, J., Böckerman, P., Tammelin, T. H., Pitkänen, N., Lehtimäki, T., Pahkala, K., Hirvensalo, M., Raitakari, O. T., & Pehkonen, J. (2020). Education Leads to a More Physically Active Lifestyle : Evidence Based on Mendelian Randomization. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, 30(7), 1194-1204. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.13653
DisciplineLiikuntapedagogiikkaPolitiikkarelevantti taloustiede (painoala)TaloustiedeEmpirical MicroeconomicsBasic or discovery scholarshipSport PedagogyPolicy-Relevant Economics (focus area)EconomicsEmpirical MicroeconomicsBasic or discovery scholarship
© 2020 The Authors
Physical inactivity is a major health risk worldwide. Observational studies suggest that higher education is positively related to physical activity, but it is not clear whether this relationship constitutes a causal effect. Using participants (N = 1651) drawn from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study linked to nationwide administrative data from Statistics Finland, this study examined whether educational attainment, measured by years of education, is related to adulthood physical activity in terms of overall physical activity, weekly hours of intensive activity, total steps per day, and aerobic steps per day. We employed ordinary least squares (OLS) models and extended the analysis using an instrumental variables approach (Mendelian randomization, MR) with a genetic risk score as an instrument for years of education. Based on the MR results, it was found that years of education is positively related to physical activity. On average, one additional year of education leads to a 0.62‐unit higher overall physical activity (p < 0.01), 0.26 more hours of weekly intensive activity (p < 0.05), 560 more steps per day (p < 0.10), and 390 more aerobic steps per day (p < 0.09). The findings indicate that education may be a factor leading to higher leisure‐time physical activity, and thus, promoting global health. ...
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Additional information about fundingThe Young Finns Study has been financially supported by the Academy of Finland: grant numbers 322098, 286284, 134309 (Eye), 126925, 121584, 124282, 129378 (Salve), 117787 (Gendi), and 41071 (Skidi); the Social Insurance Institution of Finland; Competitive State Research Financing of the Expert Responsibility area of Kuopio, Tampere and Turku University Hospitals (grant number X51001); Juho Vainio Foundation; Paavo Nurmi Foundation; Finnish Foundation for Cardiovascular Research; Finnish Cultural Foundation; The Sigrid Juselius Foundation; Tampere Tuberculosis Foundation; Emil Aaltonen Foundation; Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation; Signe and Ane Gyllenberg Foundation; Jenny and Antti Wihuri Foundation; Diabetes Research Foundation of Finnish Diabetes Association; EU Horizon 2020 (grant number 755320 for TAX-INOMISIS and grand number 848146 for TO AITION); European Research Council (grant number 742927 for MULTIEPIGEN project); and Tampere University Hospital Supporting Foundation. ...
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