The interplay of landscape composition and configuration : new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe
Martin, E. A., Dainese, M., Clough, Y., Báldi, A., Bommarco, R., Gagic, V., Garratt, M. P., Holzschuh, A., Kleijn, D., Kovács-Hostyánszki, A., Marini, L., Potts, S. G., Smith, H. G., Al Hassan, D., Albrecht, M., Andersson, G. K., Asís, J. D., Aviron, S., Balzan, M. V., . . . Steffan-Dewenter, I. (2019). The interplay of landscape composition and configuration : new pathways to manage functional biodiversity and agroecosystem services across Europe. Ecology Letters, 22(7), 1083-1094. https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13265
Published inEcology Letters
© 2019 John Wiley & Sons Ltd/CNRS
Managing agricultural landscapes to support biodiversity and ecosystem services is a key aim of a sustainable agriculture. However, how the spatial arrangement of crop fields and other habitats in landscapes impacts arthropods and their functions is poorly known. Synthesising data from 49 studies (1515 landscapes) across Europe, we examined effects of landscape composition (% habitats) and configuration (edge density) on arthropods in fields and their margins, pest control, pollination and yields. Configuration effects interacted with the proportions of crop and non‐crop habitats, and species’ dietary, dispersal and overwintering traits led to contrasting responses to landscape variables. Overall, however, in landscapes with high edge density, 70% of pollinator and 44% of natural enemy species reached highest abundances and pollination and pest control improved 1.7‐ and 1.4‐fold respectively. Arable‐dominated landscapes with high edge densities achieved high yields. This suggests that enhancing edge density in European agroecosystems can promote functional biodiversity and yield‐enhancing ecosystem services. ...
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
Dataset(s) related to the publicationhttps://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.6tj407n
Publication in research information system
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Additional information about fundingFunding was provided by the European Union to the FP7 project LIBERATION (grant 311781) and by the 2013–2014 BiodivERsA/FACCE‐JPI joint call for research proposals (project ECODEAL), with the national funders ANR, BMBF, FORMAS, FWF, MINECO, NWO and PT‐DLR. E.D.C., M.Díaz and G.M. acknowledge the project BIOGEA (PCIN‐2016‐159, BiodivERsA3 with the national funders BMBF, MINECO, BNSF).
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