Effect of glochidia infection on growth of fish : freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and brown trout Salmo trutta
Chowdhury, M. M. R., Marjomäki, T. J., & Taskinen, J. (2021). Effect of glochidia infection on growth of fish : freshwater pearl mussel Margaritifera margaritifera and brown trout Salmo trutta. Hydrobiologia, 848(12-13), 3179–3189. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10750-019-03994-4
© The Author(s) 2019
Effect of freshwater mussels’ (Unionoida) glochidia on the growth of fish host has remained poorly studied. We compared the specific growth rate of the juvenile, PIT-marked brown trout (Salmo trutta) between uninfected controls to those experimentally infected (average initial intensity of infection 8000 fish−1) with Margaritifera margaritifera glochidia, kept in high and low feeding. Growth and mortality of fish were monitored for 10 months. Our hypothesis was that glochidiosis would impair the growth of fish. According to our hypothesis, infected fish gained statistically significantly less weight than the control fish throughout the experiment. A proportional increase in weight of control individuals was 11% higher than that of the infected fish. However, neither the feeding regime (high, low) nor the period (September–November, November–March, March–May), had a significant effect on the growth difference between control and infected fish. As the effect of infection on the growth of fish was subtle and no effect on host mortality was detected either, this may turn public opinion favorable for M. margaritifera conservation even if the salmonid host population is important for commercial or recreational fishing. ...
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Additional information about fundingThis study was financed by and Maj and Tor Nessling Foundation and Raija and Ossi Tuuliainen Foundation.
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