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dc.contributor.authorKhushik, Ghulam Abbas
dc.contributor.authorHuhta, Ari
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-28T11:40:38Z
dc.date.available2019-10-28T11:40:38Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationKhushik, G. A., & Huhta, A. (2020). Investigating Syntactic Complexity in EFL Learners' Writing across Common European Framework of Reference Levels A1, A2, and B1. <i>Applied Linguistics</i>, <i>41</i>(4), 506-532. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amy064" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1093/applin/amy064</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_32022863
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/66085
dc.description.abstractThe study investigates the linguistic basis of Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) levels in English as a foreign language (EFL) learners’ writing. Specifically, it examines whether CEFR levels can be distinguished with reference to syntactic complexity (SC) and whether the results differ between two groups of EFL learners with different first languages (Sindhi and Finnish). This sheds light on the linguistic comparability of the CEFR levels across L1 groups. Informants were teenagers from Pakistan (N = 868) and Finland (N = 287) who wrote the same argumentative essay that was rated on a CEFR-based scale. The essays were analysed for 28 SC indices with the L2 Syntactic Complexity Analyzer and Coh-Metrix. Most indices were found to distinguish CEFR levels A1, A2, and B1 in both language groups: the clearest separators were the length of production units, subordination, and phrasal density indices. The learner groups differed most in the length measures and phrasal density when their CEFR level was controlled for. However, some indices remained the same, and the A1 level was more similar than A2 and B2 in terms of SC across the two groups.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherOxford University Press
dc.relation.ispartofseriesApplied Linguistics
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.otherkieltenopetus
dc.subject.othervieraat kielet
dc.subject.othertoinen kieli
dc.subject.otheryleiseurooppalainen viitekehys
dc.subject.otherlinguistic basis
dc.subject.othersyntactic complexity
dc.subject.otherCommon European Frameworkd of Reference (CEFR)
dc.subject.otherforeign language education
dc.subject.othersecond language education
dc.titleInvestigating Syntactic Complexity in EFL Learners' Writing across Common European Framework of Reference Levels A1, A2, and B1
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201910284647
dc.contributor.laitosSoveltavan kielentutkimuksen keskusfi
dc.contributor.laitosCentre for Applied Language Studiesen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange506-532
dc.relation.issn0142-6001
dc.relation.numberinseries4
dc.relation.volume41
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© The Authors 2019
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.format.contentfulltext
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1093/applin/amy064


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