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dc.contributor.authorSavage, Jeanne E.
dc.contributor.authorKaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.authorKorhonen, Tellervo
dc.contributor.authorPulkkinen, Lea
dc.contributor.authorRose, Richard J.
dc.contributor.authorVerhulst, Brad
dc.contributor.authorDick, Danielle M.
dc.date.accessioned2019-09-18T10:56:36Z
dc.date.available2019-09-18T10:56:36Z
dc.date.issued2016fi
dc.identifier.citationSavage, J. E., Kaprio, J., Korhonen, T., Pulkkinen, L., Rose, R. J., Verhulst, B., & Dick, D. M. (2016). The effects of social anxiety on alcohol and cigarette use across adolescence: Results from a longitudinal twin study in Finland. <em>Psychology of Addictive Behaviors</em>, 30 (4), 462-474. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1037/adb0000183">doi:10.1037/adb0000183</a>fi
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_70678
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/65553
dc.description.abstractConflicting reports exist on the direction of the relationship between social anxiety (SA) and alcohol/cigarette use (AU/CU) and alcohol/nicotine dependence (AD/ND), with both positive and negative associations reported. A prospective, longitudinal sample of Finnish twins (n = 1,906) was used to test potential explanations for these discrepancies. Specifically, this study used peer, parent, and teacher ratings of SA, and a clinical interview screening item for social anxiety disorder (SAD-Sc) to examine associations between SA and AU/CU and AD/ND from early adolescence into young adulthood. Peer-rated SA was negatively associated with AU, CU, and AD from age 14 through age 22, implying a protective effect (β = −0.01 to −.03). Teacher- and parent-rated SA associations were in the same directions but weaker or nonsignificant, indicating that aspects of SA that are recognizable by peers may be most relevant to AU/CU. Self-reported SAD-Sc was also negatively associated with AU, but positively associated with AD symptoms in young adulthood (β = 0.38). Our findings partially support the existence of different associations between SA and AU versus AD, but only in the context of SAD-Sc rather than trait SA. Neither trait SA nor SAD-Sc significantly predicted ND symptoms, although SAD-Sc was associated with both cigarette abstinence and daily smoking. These findings suggest that adolescent SA is modestly associated with lower AU/CU, although there may be some individuals with more severe SA who develop alcohol problems later in life. There was little evidence of a common underlying liability contributing to both SA and alcohol/cigarette use. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved)fi
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherAmerican Psychological Association
dc.relation.ispartofseriesPsychology of Addictive Behaviors
dc.rightsIn Copyright
dc.subject.othersocial anxietyfi
dc.subject.otheralcoholfi
dc.subject.othernicotinefi
dc.subject.otheradolescentsfi
dc.subject.othertwinsfi
dc.titleThe effects of social anxiety on alcohol and cigarette use across adolescence: Results from a longitudinal twin study in Finlandfi
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201909184201
dc.contributor.laitosPsykologian laitosfi
dc.contributor.laitosDepartment of Psychologyen
dc.contributor.oppiainePsykologia (ytk)
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2019-09-18T09:15:45Z
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange462-474
dc.relation.issn0893-164X
dc.relation.numberinseries4
dc.relation.volume30
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2016, American Psychological Association
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.format.contentfulltext
dc.rights.urlhttp://rightsstatements.org/page/InC/1.0/?language=en
dc.relation.doi10.1037/adb0000183


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