Physiological and Molecular Adaptations to Strength Training
Ahtiainen, J. (2019). Physiological and Molecular Adaptations to Strength Training. In M. Schumann, & B. R. Rønnestad (Eds.), Concurrent Aerobic and Strength Training : Scientific Basics and Practical Applications (pp. 51-73). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-75547-2_5
© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2019.
High muscle contraction forces that lead to gains in muscle function, size, and strength characterize resistance exercise training. The purpose of this chapter is to outline the adaptations in myofiber size and metabolism that occur by stimuli of hormones and local growth factors, mechanical and metabolic stress of muscle tissue, and myofibrillar disruptions induced by a resistance exercise bout. The chapter will highlight the network of intracellular pathways (including mTOR signaling) that ultimately lead to increases in gene expression and protein synthesis. Accumulation of acute exercise responses by systematic training over time modulate the muscle proteome that can be observed as changes in skeletal muscle phenotype.
Parent publication ISBN978-3-319-75546-5
Is part of publicationConcurrent Aerobic and Strength Training : Scientific Basics and Practical Applications
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Neuromuscular, hormonal and molecular responses to heavy resistance training in strength trained men : with special reference to various resistance exercise protocols, serum hormones and gene expression of androgen receptor and insulin-like growth factor-I Ahtiainen, Juha (University of Jyväskylä, 2006)The present study was designed to obtain more information on mechanisms leading to muscle hypertrophy by determination of the effects of different heavy resistance exercise protocols on acute and chronic neuromuscular and ...
Big vs powerful : molecular signalling responses to hypertrophic and power resistance exercise modalities Loh, Roland (2015)Introduction: The effects of resistance exercise (RE) loading on molecular signalling proteins, including those involved in protein translation and thus skeletal muscle hypertrophy have been extensively studied. However, ...
Acute neuromuscular responses and recovery after three different resistance exercise loadings in male power and strength athletes Kotikangas, Johanna (2020)The frequency, volume, intensity and length of rest intervals affect neuromuscular fatigue caused by the resistance exercise. Acute neuromuscular responses and long-term adaptations to different types of resistance exercises ...
Sympathoadrenal response to resistance exercise in men, women and pubescent boys : with special reference to interaction with other hormones and neuromuscular performance Pullinen, Teemu (University of Jyväskylä, 2001)
Exercise intervention protocol in children and young adults with cerebral palsy : the effects of strength, flexibility and gait training on physical performance, neuromuscular mechanisms and cardiometabolic risk factors (EXECP) Valadão, Pedro; Piitulainen, Harri; Haapala, Eero A.; Parviainen, Tiina; Avela, Janne; Finni, Taija (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2021)Background Individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) have problems in everyday tasks such as walking and climbing stairs due to a combination of neuromuscular impairments such as spasticity, muscle weakness, reduced joint ...