Childhood Physical Activity and Adulthood Earnings
Kari, J. T., Tammelin, T. H., Viinikainen, J., Hutri-Kähönen, N., Raitakari, O. T., & Pehkonen, J. (2016). Childhood Physical Activity and Adulthood Earnings. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(7), 1340-1346. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000000895
Published inMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
2016 by the Author(s).
Purpose: This study examined the associations between childhood physical activity level and adulthood earnings. Methods: The data were drawn from the ongoing longitudinal Young Finns Study, which was combined with register-based Finnish Longitudinal Employer–Employee Data and registerbased parents_ background information from the Longitudinal Population Census of Statistics Finland. The study consisted of children who were 9 yr (n = 1257, 52% boys), 12 yr (n = 1662, 51% boys), and 15 yr (n = 1969, 49% boys) of age at the time when physical activity was measured. The children were followed until 2010, when they were between 33 and 45 yr old. Leisure-time physical activity in childhood was self-reported, whereas earnings in adulthood were register based and covered over a 10-yr period from 2000 to 2010. Ordinary least squares models were used to analyze the relationship between physical activity and earnings. Results: Childhood physical activity level was positively associated with long-term earnings among men (P G 0.001). In more detail, a higher level of leisure-time physical activity at the age of 9, 12, and 15 yr was associated with an approximate 12%–25% increase in average annual earnings over a 10-yr period. The results were robust to controlling, e.g., an individual_s chronic conditions and body fat, parents_ education and physical activity, and family income. Among women, no relation was observed. Conclusions: The findings provide evidence that childhood physical activity can have far-reaching positive effects on adulthood earnings. Possibilities for improving physical activity during childhood may not only promote health but also affect long-term labor market outcomes. ...
PublisherLippincott Williams & Wilkins; American College of Sports Medicine
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Kauppakorkeakoulu 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Viinikainen, Jutta; Bryson, Alex; Böckerman, Petri; Elovainio, Marko; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Juonala, Markus; Lehtimäki, Terho; Pahkala, Katja; Rovio, Suvi; Pulkki-Råback, Laura; Raitakari, Olli; Pehkonen, Jaakko (Elsevier, 2020)A burgeoning body of literature suggests that poor childhood health leads to adverse health outcomes, lower educational attainment and weaker labour market outcomes in adulthood. We focus on an important but under-researched ...
Physical activity from adolescence to young adulthood : patterns of change, and their associations with activity domains and sedentary time Aira, Tuula; Vasankari, Tommi; Heinonen, Olli Juhani; Korpelainen, Raija; Kotkajuuri, Jimi; Parkkari, Jari; Savonen, Kai; Uusitalo, Arja; Valtonen, Maarit; Villberg, Jari; Vähä-Ypyä, Henri; Kokko, Sami Petteri (Biomed Central, 2021)Background: Longitudinal studies demonstrate an average decline in physical activity (PA) from adolescence to young adulthood. However, while some subgroups of adolescents decrease activity, others increase or maintain ...
Pulkkinen, Lea; Kokko, Katja (Routledge, 2017)
Functioning and quality of life as perspectives of health in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis in early adulthood : measurement and long-term outcome Arkela-Kautiainen, Marja (University of Jyväskylä, 2006)First aim of this study entity was to evaluate the results of treatment and rehabilitation in patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). The long-term health outcomes in the early adulthood were evaluated in the ...
Associations of Leisure-Time Physical Activity Trajectories with Fruit and Vegetable Consumption from Childhood to Adulthood : The Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study Lounassalo, Irinja; Hirvensalo, Mirja; Kankaanpää, Anna; Tolvanen, Asko; Palomäki, Sanna; Salin, Kasper; Fogelholm, Mikael; Yang, Xiaolin; Pahkala, Katja; Rovio, Suvi; Hutri-Kähönen, Nina; Raitakari, Olli; Tammelin, H. Tuija (MDPI, 2019)A physically active lifestyle and a diet rich in vegetables and fruits have a central role in promoting health. This study examined the associations between leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) trajectories and fruit and ...