Cardiac Rehabilitees' Technology Experiences Before Remote Rehabilitation : Qualitative Study Using a Grounded Theory Approach
Anttila, M.-R., Kivistö, H., Piirainen, A., Kokko, K., Malinen, A., Pekkonen, M., & Sjögren, T. (2019). Cardiac Rehabilitees' Technology Experiences Before Remote Rehabilitation : Qualitative Study Using a Grounded Theory Approach. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 21(2). https://doi.org/10.2196/10985
Published inJournal of Medical Internet Research
DisciplineAikuiskasvatustiedeFysioterapiaGerontologia ja kansanterveysAdult EducationPhysiotherapyGerontology and Public Health
©Marjo-Riitta Anttila, Heikki Kivistö, Arja Piirainen, Katja Kokko, Anita Malinen, Mika Pekkonen, Tuulikki Sjögren, 2019
Background: Even though technology is becoming increasingly common in rehabilitation programs, insufficient data are as yet available on rehabilitees’ perceptions and experiences. It is important to understand their abilities when using technology for remote rehabilitation. Objective: This is a qualitative study on technology experiences of persons affected by cardiovascular disease assessed before remote rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to explore rehabilitees’ experiences and attitudes toward technology before 12 months of remote rehabilitation. Methods: Qualitative interviews were conducted with 39 rehabilitees in four focus groups. The subjects were aged 34 to 77 years (average age 54.8 years) and 74% (29/39) of them were male. They had been diagnosed with coronary artery disease and were undergoing treatment in a rehabilitation center. The interviews were conducted between September 2015 and November 2016. Data were analyzed using Glaser’s mode of the grounded theory approach. Results: The result of the study was an “identifying e-usage” experience category, which refers to the rehabilitees’ notions of the use of information and communication technologies (e-usage) in the process of behavior change. The main category comprises four subcategories that define the rehabilitees’ technology experience. These subcategories are “feeling outsider,” “being uninterested,” “reflecting benefit,” and “enthusiastic using.” All rehabilitees expected that technology should be simple, flexible, and easy to use and learn. The results reflecting their technology experience can be used in e-rehabilitation programs. Rehabilitees who feel like outsiders and are not interested in technology need face-to-face communication for the major part of rehabilitation, while rehabilitees who reflect benefit and are enthusiastic about the use of technology need incrementally less face-to-face interaction and feel that Web-based coaching could offer sufficient support for rehabilitation. Conclusions: The findings show that persons affected by heart disease had different experiences with technology and expectations toward counseling, while all rehabilitees expected technology to be easy to use and their experiences to be smooth and problem-free. The results can be used more widely in different contexts of social and health care for the planning of and training in remote rehabilitation counseling and education. Trial Registration: ISRCTN Registry ISRCTN61225589; http://www.isrctn.com/ISRCTN61225589 (Archived by WebCite at http://www.webcitation.org/74jmrTXFD) ...
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