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dc.contributor.authorKyröläinen, Heikki
dc.contributor.authorPihlainen, Kai
dc.contributor.authorVaara, Jani P.
dc.contributor.authorOjanen, Tommi
dc.contributor.authorSanttila, Matti
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-24T07:07:46Z
dc.date.available2020-12-01T22:35:10Z
dc.date.issued2018
dc.identifier.citationKyröläinen, H., Pihlainen, K., Vaara, J. P., Ojanen, T., & Santtila, M. (2018). Optimising Training Adaptations and Performance in Military Environment. <i>Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport</i>, <i>21</i>(11), 1131-1138. <a href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.019" target="_blank">https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.019</a>
dc.identifier.otherCONVID_27796438
dc.identifier.otherTUTKAID_76243
dc.identifier.urihttps://jyx.jyu.fi/handle/123456789/59921
dc.description.abstractAbstract Objectives Worldwide decreases in physical fitness and increases in body fat among youth have set challenges for armed forces to recruit physically capable soldiers. Therefore, knowledge of optimizing physical adaptation and performance through physical training is vital. In addition, maintaining or improving physical performance among professional soldiers in various military environments is crucial for overall military readiness. The present review focuses on the effects of military training on physical performance by searching for optimal methods to do it. Design and methods Review article based on selected literature searches using the main keywords ‘physical performance’ and ‘training’ and ‘military’ from MEDLINE and SportDiscus® engines. Additional selected references were included that encompassed the same words but were not found in the present search. Results Military training mainly consists of prolonged physical activities and training performed at low-intensities, which may interfere with optimal muscle strength and considering development of maximal strength, power, and aerobic capacity. Combined endurance and strength training seems to be a superior training method to improve overall physical performance of soldiers. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that military training needs a greater variation in training stimulus to induce more effective training adaptations, especially, when considering the development of maximal or explosive strength and maximal aerobic capacity. Training programs should be well periodised so that total training load increases progressively but also includes sufficient recovery periods. In addition, some individualized programming is required to avoid unnecessary injuries and overloading because the differences in initial physical fitness of soldiers can be very high.fi
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.languageeng
dc.language.isoeng
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.relation.ispartofseriesJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
dc.rightsCC BY-NC-ND 4.0
dc.subject.othersoldier
dc.subject.otherstrength
dc.subject.otherendurance
dc.titleOptimising Training Adaptations and Performance in Military Environment
dc.typearticle
dc.identifier.urnURN:NBN:fi:jyu-201810164428
dc.contributor.laitosLiikuntatieteellinen tiedekuntafi
dc.contributor.laitosFaculty of Sport and Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.oppiaineLiikuntafysiologiafi
dc.contributor.oppiaineExercise Physiologyen
dc.type.urihttp://purl.org/eprint/type/JournalArticle
dc.date.updated2018-10-16T06:15:19Z
dc.description.reviewstatuspeerReviewed
dc.format.pagerange1131-1138
dc.relation.issn1440-2440
dc.relation.numberinseries11
dc.relation.volume21
dc.type.versionacceptedVersion
dc.rights.copyright© 2017 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
dc.rights.accesslevelopenAccessfi
dc.subject.ysovarusmiehet
dc.subject.ysovoimaharjoittelu
dc.subject.ysokehonkoostumus
dc.format.contentfulltext
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p12919
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p16233
jyx.subject.urihttp://www.yso.fi/onto/yso/p26989
dc.rights.urlhttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.relation.doi10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.019


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