Optimising Training Adaptations and Performance in Military Environment
Kyröläinen, H., Pihlainen, K., Vaara, J. P., Ojanen, T., & Santtila, M. (2018). Optimising Training Adaptations and Performance in Military Environment. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 21(11), 1131-1138. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2017.11.019
Published inJournal of Science and Medicine in Sport
© 2017 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract Objectives Worldwide decreases in physical fitness and increases in body fat among youth have set challenges for armed forces to recruit physically capable soldiers. Therefore, knowledge of optimizing physical adaptation and performance through physical training is vital. In addition, maintaining or improving physical performance among professional soldiers in various military environments is crucial for overall military readiness. The present review focuses on the effects of military training on physical performance by searching for optimal methods to do it. Design and methods Review article based on selected literature searches using the main keywords ‘physical performance’ and ‘training’ and ‘military’ from MEDLINE and SportDiscus® engines. Additional selected references were included that encompassed the same words but were not found in the present search. Results Military training mainly consists of prolonged physical activities and training performed at low-intensities, which may interfere with optimal muscle strength and considering development of maximal strength, power, and aerobic capacity. Combined endurance and strength training seems to be a superior training method to improve overall physical performance of soldiers. Conclusions The present study demonstrated that military training needs a greater variation in training stimulus to induce more effective training adaptations, especially, when considering the development of maximal or explosive strength and maximal aerobic capacity. Training programs should be well periodised so that total training load increases progressively but also includes sufficient recovery periods. In addition, some individualized programming is required to avoid unnecessary injuries and overloading because the differences in initial physical fitness of soldiers can be very high. ...
Publication in research information system
MetadataShow full item record
- Liikuntatieteiden tiedekunta 
Showing items with similar title or keywords.
Changes in strength and power performance and serum hormone concentrations during 12 weeks of task‐specific or strength training in conscripts Ojanen, T.; Kyröläinen, H.; Kozharskaya, E.; Häkkinen, K. (Wiley Periodicals; American Physiological Society and the Physiological Society, 2020)The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two different training programs on strength and power performance and serum hormone concentrations. A total of 104 male soldiers volunteered and took part in the ...
Ojanen, Tommi; Häkkinen, Keijo; Hanhikoski, Jaakko; Kyröläinen, Heikki (MDPI, 2020)A soldier’s occupational physical task requirements are diverse and varied. However, the type of physical training that most effectively improves soldiers’ occupational task requirements has not been studied previously. ...
Differences in Training Adaptations of Endurance Performance during Combined Strength and Endurance Training in a 6-Month Crisis Management Operation Pihlainen, Kai; Häkkinen, Keijo; Santtila, Matti; Raitanen, Jani; Kyröläinen, Heikki (MDPI, 2020)Decreases in aerobic fitness during military operations have been observed in several studies. Thus, differences in training adaptations during a 6-month crisis-management operation were compared by using the change in ...
Effects of Combined Strength and Endurance Training on Body Composition, Physical Fitness, and Serum Hormones During a 6-Month Crisis Management Operation Pihlainen, Kai; Kyröläinen, Heikki; Santtila, Matti; Ojanen, Tommi; Raitanen, Jani; Häkkinen, Keijo (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; National Strength and Conditioning Association, 2020)Very few studies have examined the impact of training interventions on soldier readiness during an international military operation. Therefore, the present study investigated the effects of combined strength and endurance ...
Effects of added endurance or strength training on cardiovascular and neuromuscular performance of conscripts during the 8-week basic training period Santtila, Matti (University of Jyväskylä, 2010)The present series of studies investigated changes in Finnish conscripts’ body composition, aerobic fitness and muscle endurance profiles during the last three decades. A second aim was to examine the effects of added ...