Computational investigations of 18-electron triatomic sulfur–nitrogen anions
Valjus, J., Tuononen, H., Laitinen, R. S., & Chivers, T. (2018). Computational investigations of 18-electron triatomic sulfur–nitrogen anions. Canadian Journal of Chemistry, 96(6), 591-598. https://doi.org/10.1139/cjc-2018-0047
Published inCanadian Journal of Chemistry
DisciplineEpäorgaaninen ja analyyttinen kemiaNanoscience CenterInorganic and Analytical ChemistryNanoscience Center
© 2018 the Author(s)
MRCI-SD/def2-QZVP and PBE0/def2-QZVP calculations have been employed for the analysis of geometries, stabilities, and bonding of isomers of the 18-electron anions N2S2−, NS2−, and NSO−. Isomers of the isoelectronic neutral molecules SO2, S2O, S3, and O3 are included for comparison. The sulfur-centered acyclic NSN2−, NSS−, and NSO− anions are the most stable isomers of their respective molecular compositions. However, the nitrogen-centered isomers SNS− and SNO− lie close enough in energy to their more stable counterparts to allow their occurrence. The experimental structural information, where available, is in good agreement with the optimized bond parameters. The bonding in all investigated species is qualitatively similar, though electron density analyses reveal important quantitative differences that arise from bond polarization. Most of the investigated systems can be described with a single configuration wave function, the two notable exceptions being isomers SSS and OOO that show some diradical character. The computed MRCI-SD/def2-QZVP absorption maxima for SNS− and NSS− are 342 and 327 nm, respectively. The corresponding PBE0/def2-QZVP values in acetonitrile are 353 and 333 nm. These data support the proposed initial formation of SNS− from electrochemical or chemical reduction of SSNS− based on experimental UV–vis spectra. The interconversion of SNS− and NSS− is calculated to be facile and reversible, leading to an equilibrium mixture that also includes the remarkably stable dianion SNSNSS2−. Thus, salts of either SNS− or NSS− with bulky organic cations represent feasible synthetic targets. ...
PublisherCanadian Science Publishing
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