Structures and EPR spectra of binary sulfur−nitrogen radicals from DFT calculations
Boeré, R., Tuononen, H., Chivers, T., & Roemmele, T. (2007). Structures and EPR spectra of binary sulfur−nitrogen radicals from DFT calculations. Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 692 (13), 2683-2696. doi:10.1016/j.jorganchem.2006.11.026
Published inJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
DisciplineEpäorgaaninen ja analyyttinen kemia
© 2006 Elsevier B.V. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Elsevier. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
he scattered electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic data for binary sulfur–nitrogen (S,N) radicals have been compiled and critically assessed.Many of these are inorganic rings or cages.For each species, possible equilibrium structures in the gas phase and the EPR hyperfine coupling (hfc) constants have been calculated with DFT using the B3LYP functional and basis sets of triple-ζ (or better) quality.Good agreement is obtained between calculated and measured values for the well characterized [S3N2]+radical dot, a planar π-radical for which the s-component of the orbitals is likely to be reasonably independent of minor geometrical changes between gas-phase and condensed-phase states.The cage compounds [S4N4]−radical dot and [S4N5]−2radical dot, for which reliable experimental EPR spectra have been reported, show larger variation between calculated and measured hfc, as a consequence of the dependence of the s orbital content of the molecular orbitals on small structural changes.The very large disagreements between the DFT calculated and experimentally claimed hfc constants for [NS]radical dot, [SNS]radical dot and [S4N4]−3radical dot in condensed phases lead us to question their assignment.Among binary S,N radicals, 33S hfc data has only been reported for [S3N2]+radical dot (through isotopic enrichment).These values were essential for the correct identification of the EPR spectra of this important radical, which previously was misassigned to other species.Our results suggest that 33S data will be equally important for the correct identification of the EPR spectra of other binary S,N species, many of which are cyclic systems, e.g.[S3N3]radical dot, [S4N3]radical dot and[S4N5]radical dot. ...