Dance on Cortex : Enhanced Theta Synchrony in Experts when Watching a Dance Piece
Poikonen, H., Toiviainen, P., & Tervaniemi, M. (2018). Dance on Cortex : Enhanced Theta Synchrony in Experts when Watching a Dance Piece. European Journal of Neuroscience, 47 (5), 433-445. doi:10.1111/ejn.13838
Published inEuropean Journal of Neuroscience
© 2018 Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is a final draft version of an article whose final and definitive form has been published by Federation of European Neuroscience Societies and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. Published in this repository with the kind permission of the publisher.
When watching performing arts, a wide and complex network of brain processes emerge. These processes can be shaped by professional expertise. When compared to laymen, dancers have enhanced processes in observation of short dance movement and listening to music. But how do the cortical processes differ in musicians and dancers when watching an audio-visual dance performance? In our study, we presented the participants long excerpts from the contemporary dance choreography of Carmen. During multimodal movement of a dancer, theta phase synchrony over the fronto-central electrodes was stronger in dancers when compared to musicians and laymen. In addition, alpha synchrony was decreased in all groups during large rapid movement when compared to nearly motionless parts of the choreography. Our results suggest an enhanced cortical communication in dancers when watching dance and, further, that this enhancement is rather related to multimodal, cognitive and emotional processes than to simple observation of dance movement. ...