Falls, Cognitive Function, and Balance Profiles of Singapore Community-Dwelling Elderly Individuals : Key Risk Factors
Woo, M. T., Davids, K., Liukkonen, J., Chow, J. Y., & Jaakkola, T. (2017). Falls, Cognitive Function, and Balance Profiles of Singapore Community-Dwelling Elderly Individuals : Key Risk Factors. Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, 8 (4), 256-262. doi:10.1177/2151458517745989
Published inGeriatric Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation
© The Author(s) 2017. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 License.
Objective: This study compared occurrence of falls, cognitive function, and balance profiles across participants in elderly age categories, investigating associations between the 3 aspects in a sample of Singapore’s elderly population. Method: Communitydwelling elderly individuals (N ¼ 385) were randomly recruited and grouped into “young-old (65-74 years),” “medium-old (75-84 years),” and “oldest-old (above 85 years)” groups. The Fallproof Health and Activity questionnaire, adapted Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and Berg Balance Scale (BBS) tests were used to survey information related to falls, cognition, and balance profiles. Results: Findings revealed significant differences in MMSE and BBS scores across the age groups. Participants with mild cognitive impairment (odds ratio [OR] ¼ 1.87, 95% confidence interval [CI] ¼ 1.08-3.25) and BBS score 40 (OR ¼ 0.25, 95% CI ¼ 0.14-0.46) were at the highest risk of falling. Conclusion: Community-dwelling elderly individuals with subtle cognitive impairment and BBS scores 40 displayed an increased risk of falling. ...
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